Acids and Bases
C.5. Acids, bases, and salts are three classes of compounds that form ions in water solutions. As a basis for understanding this concept:
C.5.a. Students know the observable properties of acids, bases, and salt solutions.
C.5.b. Students know acids are hydrogen-ion-donating and bases are hydrogen-ion-accepting substances.
C.5.c. Students know strong acids and bases fully dissociate and weak acids and bases partially dissociate.
C.5.e. Students know the Arrhenius, Bronsted-Lowry, and Lewis acid-base definitions.
C.2. Biological, chemical, and physical properties of matter result from the ability of atoms to form bonds from electrostatic forces between electrons and protons and between atoms and molecules. As a basis for understanding this concept:
C.2.c. Students know salt crystals, such as NaCl, are repeating patterns of positive and negative ions held together by electrostatic attraction.