Massachusetts Curriculum Frameworks
MA.RF.1. Grade 1 Reading Standards for Foundational Skills [RF]
RF.1.2. Demonstrate understanding of spoken words, syllables, and sounds (phonemes).
RF.1.2.a. Distinguish long from short vowel sounds in spoken single-syllable words.
Phonics and Word Recognition
RF.1.3. Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.
RF.1.3.d. Use knowledge that every syllable must have a vowel sound to determine the number of syllables in a printed word.
MA.W.1. Grade 1 Writing Standards [W]
Text Types and Purposes
W.1.3. Write narratives in prose or poem form that recount two or more appropriately sequenced events or experiences, include some details about what happened or was experienced, use temporal words to signal order where appropriate, and provide some sense of closure.
W.1.3.a. For poems, use rhyming words and words that repeat long or short vowel sounds to create structure (see grade 1 Reading Foundational Skills Standard 2a).