Massachusetts Curriculum Frameworks
MA.RL.4. Grade 4 Reading Standards for Literature [RL]
Craft and Structure
RL.4.4. Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including those that allude to significant characters found in mythology (e.g., Herculean); explain how figurative language (e.g., simile, metaphor) enriches a text. (See grade 4 Language Standards 4–6 on applying knowledge of vocabulary to reading.)
MA.L.4. Grade 4 Language Standards [L]
Vocabulary Acquisition and Use
L.4.5. Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings.
L.4.5.a. Explain the meaning of simple similes and metaphors (e.g., as pretty as a picture) in context.