OH.4. Informational, Technical and Persuasive Text: Students gain information from reading for purposes of learning about a subject, doing a job, making decisions and accomplishing a task. Students need to apply the reading process to various types of informational texts, including essays, magazines, newspapers, textbooks, instruction manuals, consumer and workplace documents, reference materials, multimedia and electronic resources. They learn to attend to text features, such as titles, subtitles and visual aids, to make predictions and build text knowledge. They learn to read diagrams, charts, graphs, maps and displays in text as sources of additional information. Students use their knowledge of text structure to organize content information, analyze it and draw inferences from it. Strategic readers learn to recognize arguments, bias, stereotyping and propaganda in informational text sources.
4.2. Grade Level Indicator: Summarize main ideas in informational text, using supporting details as appropriate.
4.C. Explain how main ideas connect to each other in a variety of sources.
OH.6. Writing Process: Students' writing develops when they regularly engage in the major phases of the writing process. The writing process includes the phases of prewriting, drafting, revising and editing and publishing. They learn to plan their writing for different purposes and audiences. They learn to apply their writing skills in increasingly sophisticated ways to create and produce compositions that reflect effective word and grammatical choices. Students develop revision strategies to improve the content, organization and language of their writing. Students also develop editing skills to improve writing conventions.
6.7. Grade Level Indicator: Drafting, Revising and Editing: Create paragraphs with topic sentences and supporting sentences that are marked by indentation) and are linked by transitional words and phrases.
6.9. Grade Level Indicator: Drafting, Revising and Editing: Use available technology to compose text.
OH.7. Writing Applications: Students need to understand that various types of writing require different language, formatting and special vocabulary. Writing serves many purposes across the curriculum and takes various forms. Beginning writers learn about the various purposes of writing; they attempt and use a small range of familiar forms (e.g., letters). Developing writers are able to select text forms to suit purpose and audience. They can explain why some text forms are more suited to a purpose than others and begin to use content-specific vocabulary to achieve their communication goals. Proficient writers control effectively the language and structural features of a large repertoire of text forms. They deliberately choose vocabulary to enhance text and structure their writing according to audience and purpose.
7.4. Grade Level Indicator: Write informational reports that include facts and examples and present important details in a logical order.
OH.8. Writing Conventions: Students learn to master writing conventions through exposure to good models and opportunities for practice. Writing conventions include spelling, punctuation, grammar and other conventions associated with forms of written text. They learn the purpose of punctuation: to clarify sentence meaning and help readers know how writing might sound aloud. They develop and extend their understanding of the spelling system, using a range of strategies for spelling words correctly and using newly learned vocabulary in their writing. They grow more skillful at using the grammatical structures of English to effectively communicate ideas in writing and to express themselves.
8.11. Grade Level Indicator: Grammar and Usage: Use objective and nominative case pronouns.
8.12. Grade Level Indicator: Grammar and Usage: Use subjects and verbs that are in agreement.
8.3. Grade Level Indicator: Spelling: Spell plurals and inflectional endings correctly.
8.5. Grade Level Indicator: Punctuation and Capitalization: Use commas, end marks, apostrophes and quotation marks correctly.
8.7. Grade Level Indicator: Grammar and Usage: Use various parts of speech such as nouns, pronouns and verbs (e.g., regular and irregular, past, present and future).
OH.9. Research: Students define and investigate self-selected or assigned issues, topics and problems. They locate, select and make use of relevant information from a variety of media, reference and technological sources. Students use an appropriate form to communicate their findings.
9.5. Grade Level Indicator: Discuss the meaning of plagiarism and create a list of sources.