Vermont Standards for Fifth Grade English Language Arts

Decoding StrategiesWorksheets: 3Genre CharacteristicsWorksheets: 6Study Guides: 1High Frequency Words IWorksheets: 6Study Guides: 1High Frequency Words IIWorksheets: 6Study Guides: 1Informal LanguageWorksheets: 3Labels/Captions for GraphicsWorksheets: 3NounsWorksheets: 3Parts of SpeechWorksheets: 7Study Guides: 1Punctuation/CapitalizationWorksheets: 7Study Guides: 1VerbsWorksheets: 3

VT.1.1. Reading: Reading Strategies: Students use a variety of strategies to help them read.

R5.3. Grade Level Expectation: Word Identification Skills and Strategies: Applies word identification/decoding strategies by:

R5.3.1. Identifying multisyllabic words by using knowledge of sounds, six syllable types/syllable division, and word patterns (including prefixes and suffixes).

R5.4. Grade Level Expectation: Context and Self-Correction Strategies: Applies context and self-correction strategies by:

R5.4.1. Predicting upcoming text, monitoring, adjusting, and confirming through use of print, syntax/language structure, semantics/meaning, or other context cues.

R5.5. Grade Level Expectation: Vocabulary Strategies and Breadth of Vocabulary: Identifies the meaning of unfamiliar words by:

R5.5.1. Using strategies to unlock meaning (e.g., knowledge of word structure, including prefixes/suffixes and base words; or context clues; or other resources, such as dictionaries, glossaries; or prior knowledge).

R5.6. Grade Level Expectation: Vocabulary Strategies and Breadth of Vocabulary: Shows breadth of vocabulary knowledge through demonstrating understanding of word meanings or relationships by:

R5.6.1. Identifying synonyms, antonyms, homonyms/homophones, or shades of meaning.
R5.6.2. Describing words in terms of categories, functions, or features.
R5.6.3. Selecting appropriate words or explaining the use of words in context, including content-specific vocabulary, words with multiple meanings, or precise vocabulary.

R5.7. Grade Level Expectation: Comprehension Strategies: Uses comprehension strategies (flexibly and as needed) while reading literary and informational text.

R5.7.1. Examples of reading-comprehension strategies might include: using prior knowledge; summarizing; predicting and making text-based inferences; determining importance; generating literal, clarifying, and inferential questions; constructing sensory images (e.g., making pictures in one's mind); making connections (text to self, text to text, and text to world); taking notes; locating, using, and analyzing text features (e.g., transition words, subheadings, bold/italicized print, parts of the book); or using text structure clues (e.g., chronological, cause/effect, compare/contrast, proposition and support, logical/sequential).

VT.1.10. Writing: Procedures: In written procedures, students organize and relate a series of events, fictional or actual, into a coherent whole.

W5.13. Grade Level Expectation: Informational Writing: Procedures: In written procedures, students organize steps of procedures by:

W5.13.2. Using transition words or phrases (e.g., numbering, ordering) to arrange the steps in a logical manner.
W5.13.5. Providing a conclusion.

W5.14. Grade Level Expectation: Informational Writing: Procedures: In written procedures, students anticipate the readers' needs by:

W5.14.1. Using a format that is easy to follow.

VT.1.11. Writing: Persuasive Writing: In persuasive writing, students judge, propose, and persuade.

W5.15. Grade Level Expectation: Informational Writing: Persuasive Writing: In persuasive writing, students define a significant problem, issue, topic, or concern by:

W5.15.1. Restating the issue or problem and stating a clear position (purpose).

W5.16. Grade Level Expectation: Informational Writing: Persuasive Writing: In persuasive writing, students present and coherently support judgments or solution(s) by:

W5.16.1. Providing appropriate facts and details.
W5.16.2. Addressing the reader's potential concerns or counterarguments.

VT.1.12. Writing: Personal Essays: In personal essays, students write effectively.

W5.17. Grade Level Expectation: Expressive Writing: Reflective Essay: In reflective writing, students make connections between personal experiences and ideas by:

W5.17.1. Using concrete details to establish context (purpose).

VT.1.19. Information Technology: Research: Students use organizational systems to obtain information from various sources (including libraries and the Internet).

W5.10. Grade Level Expectation: Informational Writing: Reports: In reports, students demonstrate use of a range of elaboration strategies by:

W5.10.1. Including facts and details relevant to focus/controlling idea, and excluding extraneous information.
W5.10.2. Including sufficient details or facts for appropriate depth of information: naming, describing, explaining, comparing, use of visual images.

W5.8. Grade Level Expectation: Informational Writing: Reports: In reports, students organize information/concepts by:

W5.8.2. Selecting appropriate information to set the context.
W5.8.3. Using transition words or phrases appropriate to organizing text structure.
W5.8.4. Writing a conclusion that provides closure.
W5.8.6. Listing sources at end of a report, if appropriate.

VT.1.2. Reading: Reading Accuracy: Students read grade-appropriate material, with 90%+ accuracy, in a way that makes meaning clear.

R5.9. Grade Level Expectation: Accuracy and Fluency: Reads grade-level-appropriate material with:

R5.9.3. Fluency: reading with phrasing and expression, and with attention to text features, such as punctuation, italics, and dialogue.

VT.1.3. Reading: Reading Comprehension: Students read for meaning, demonstrating both initial understanding and personal response to what is read.

R5.10. Grade Level Expectation: Initial Understanding of Literary Text: Demonstrate initial understanding of elements of literary text by:

R5.10.1. Identifying or describing character(s), setting, problem/ solution, major events, or plot, as appropriate to text; or identifying any significant changes in character(s) over time.
R5.10.2. Paraphrasing or summarizing key ideas/plot, with major events sequenced, as appropriate to text.
R5.10.3. Identifying the characteristics of a variety of types of text (e.g., literary texts: poetry, plays, fairy tales, fantasy, fables, realistic fiction, folktales, historical fiction, mysteries).

R5.11. Grade Level Expectation: Initial Understanding of Literary Text: Demonstrate initial understanding of author's craft used in literary texts by:

R5.11.1. Identifying literary devices as appropriate to genre: rhyme, alliteration, simile, dialogue, imagery, or simple metaphors.

R5.12. Grade Level Expectation: Initial Understanding of Informational Text: Demonstrate initial understanding of informational texts (expository and practical texts) by:

R5.12.1. Obtaining information from text features (e.g., table of contents, glossary, index, transition words/phrases, bold or italicized text, headings, subheadings, graphic organizers, charts, graphs, or illustrations).
R5.12.2. Using information from the text to answer questions related to main/central ideas or key details.
R5.12.3. Organizing information to show understanding (e.g., representing main/central ideas or details within text through charting, mapping, paraphrasing, summarizing, or comparing/contrasting).
R5.12.4. Identifying the characteristics of a variety of types of text (e.g., reference: reports, encyclopedias, children's magazines, content trade books, textbooks, student newspapers, Internet Web sites, biographies; and practical/functional texts: procedures, instructions, book orders, announcements, invitations, recipes, menus).

R5.13. Grade Level Expectation: Analysis and Interpretation of Literary Text/Citing Evidence: Analyze and interpret elements of literary texts, citing evidence where appropriate by:

R5.13.1. Making logical predictions.
R5.13.2. Describing characters' physical characteristics, personality traits, or interactions; or providing examples of thoughts, words, or actions that reveal characters' personality traits or their changes over time.
R5.13.3. Making inferences about problem, conflict, solution, or the relationship among elements (plot, character, setting) within text (e.g., how the setting affects a character or plot development).
R5.13.5. Identifying author's message or theme (implied or stated, as in a fable).
R5.13.6. Identifying causes or effects, including possible motives of characters.

R5.14. Grade Level Expectation: Analysis and Interpretation of Literary Text/Citing Evidence: Analyze and interpret author's craft (citing evidence where appropriate) by:

R5.14.1. Demonstrating knowledge of use of literary elements and devices (i.e., imagery, exaggeration) to analyze literary works.

R5.15. Grade Level Expectation: Analysis and Interpretation of Literary Text/Citing Evidence: Generates a well-developed and grounded personal response to what is read through a variety of means and through:

R5.15.1. Comparing stories or other texts to related personal experience, prior knowledge, or other books.

R5.16. Grade Level Expectation: Analysis and Interpretation of Informational Text/Citing Evidence: Analyze and interpret informational text, citing evidence as appropriate by:

R5.16.1. Connecting information within a text or across texts.
R5.16.2. Synthesizing information within or across text(s) (e.g., constructing appropriate titles; or formulating assertions or controlling ideas).
R5.16.3. Drawing inferences about text, including author's purpose (e.g., to inform, explain, entertain, persuade) or message; or forming and supporting opinions/judgments and assertions about central ideas that are relevant.
R5.16.4. Distinguishing fact from opinion.
R5.16.5. Making inferences about causes or effects.

VT.1.4. Reading: Reading Range of Text: Students comprehend and respond to a range of media, images, and text (e.g., poetry, narrative, information, technical) for a variety of purposes (e.g., reading for pleasure as well as reading to develop understanding and expertise).

R5.18. Grade Level Expectation: Reading Extensively: Demonstrates the habit of reading widely and in depth by:

R5.18.1. Reading from at least three different genres/kinds of text, including primary and secondary sources, and a variety of authors (e.g., literary texts: poetry, plays, fairy tales, fantasy, fables, realistic fiction, folktales, historical fiction, mysteries; informational: biography, reports, encyclopedias, children's magazines, student newspapers, content trade books, Internet Web sites; and practical/ functional texts: procedures, instructions, menus, recipes, announcements, invitations).

R5.19. Grade Level Expectation: Literate Community: Demonstrates participation in a literate community by:

R5.19.2. Participating in in-depth discussions about text, ideas, and student writing by offering comments and supporting evidence, recommending books and other materials, and responding to the comments and recommendations of peers, librarians, teachers, and others.

VT.1.6. Writing: Writing Conventions: Students' independent writing demonstrates command of appropriate English conventions, including grammar, usage, and mechanics.

W5.2. Grade Level Expectation: Writing Conventions: In independent writing, students demonstrate command of appropriate English conventions by:

W5.2.1. Identifying or correcting grammatical errors.
W5.2.2. Applying basic capitalization rules.

W5.3. Grade Level Expectation: Writing Conventions: In independent writing, students demonstrate command of conventional English spelling by:

W5.3.1. Applying spelling knowledge in proofreading and editing of writing.
W5.3.2. Correctly spelling grade-appropriate, high-frequency words, including homonyms and homophones and applying syllable division, morpheme, and affix spelling patterns/rules to new situations.

VT.1.7. Writing: Responses to Literature: In written responses to literature, students show understanding of reading; connect what has been read to the broader world of ideas, concepts, and issues; and make judgments about the text.

W5.5. Grade Level Expectation: Writing in Response to Literary or Informational Text: In response to literary or informational text, students show understanding of plot/ideas/concepts by:

W5.5.1. Selecting appropriate information to set context/background.
W5.5.3. Connecting what has been read (plot/ideas/concepts) to prior knowledge or other texts.

W5.6. Grade Level Expectation: Writing in Response to Literary or Informational Text: In response to literary or informational text, students make and support analytical judgments about text by:

W5.6.1. Stating and maintaining a focus (purpose) when responding to a given question.
W5.6.2. Using specific details and references to text or citations to support focus.
W5.6.3. Making inferences about the content, events, characters, setting, or common themes.

W5.7. Grade Level Expectation: Writing in Response to Literary or Informational Text: In response to literary or informational text, students engage readers by:

W5.7.1. Organizing ideas using transition words/phrases and writing a conclusion that provides closure.
W5.7.2. Addressing the reader's possible questions.
W5.7.3. Using appropriate voice and tone (word choice, sentences with embedded phrases and clauses).

VT.1.8. Writing: Reports: In written reports, students organize and convey information and ideas accurately and effectively.

W5.10. Grade Level Expectation: Informational Writing: Reports: In reports, students demonstrate use of a range of elaboration strategies by:

W5.10.1. Including facts and details relevant to focus/controlling idea, and excluding extraneous information.
W5.10.2. Including sufficient details or facts for appropriate depth of information: naming, describing, explaining, comparing, use of visual images.

W5.8. Grade Level Expectation: Informational Writing: Reports: In reports, students organize information/concepts by:

W5.8.2. Selecting appropriate information to set the context.
W5.8.3. Using transition words or phrases appropriate to organizing text structure.
W5.8.4. Writing a conclusion that provides closure.
W5.8.6. Listing sources at end of a report, if appropriate.

VT.1.9. Writing: Narratives: In written narratives, students organize and relate a series of events, fictional or actual, in a coherent whole.

W5.11. Grade Level Expectation: Expressive Writing: Narratives: In written narratives, students organize and relate a story line plot/series of events by:

W5.11.1. Creating a clear and coherent (logically consistent) story line.
W5.11.2. Using transition words/phrases to establish clear chronology and enhance meaning.
W5.11.3. Establishing context (setting or background information), problem/conflict/challenge, and resolution.

W5.12. Grade Level Expectation: Expressive Writing: Narratives: Students demonstrate use of narrative strategies by:

W5.12.1. Using relevant and descriptive details to advance the story line.
W5.12.3. Developing characters through description.

VT.5.11. Literature and Media: Literary Elements and Devices: Students use literary elements and devices including theme, plot, style, imagery, and metaphor to analyze, compare, interpret, and create literature.

R5.13. Grade Level Expectation: Analysis and Interpretation of Literary Text/Citing Evidence: Analyze and interpret elements of literary texts, citing evidence where appropriate by:

R5.13.1. Making logical predictions.
R5.13.2. Describing characters' physical characteristics, personality traits, or interactions; or providing examples of thoughts, words, or actions that reveal characters' personality traits or their changes over time.
R5.13.3. Making inferences about problem, conflict, solution, or the relationship among elements (plot, character, setting) within text (e.g., how the setting affects a character or plot development).
R5.13.5. Identifying author's message or theme (implied or stated, as in a fable).
R5.13.6. Identifying causes or effects, including possible motives of characters.

R5.14. Grade Level Expectation: Analysis and Interpretation of Literary Text/Citing Evidence: Analyze and interpret author's craft (citing evidence where appropriate) by:

R5.14.1. Demonstrating knowledge of use of literary elements and devices (i.e., imagery, exaggeration) to analyze literary works.

R5.15. Grade Level Expectation: Analysis and Interpretation of Literary Text/Citing Evidence: Generates a well-developed and grounded personal response to what is read through a variety of means and through:

R5.15.1. Comparing stories or other texts to related personal experience, prior knowledge, or other books.

W5.11. Grade Level Expectation: Expressive Writing: Narratives: In written narratives, students organize and relate a story line plot/series of events by:

W5.11.1. Creating a clear and coherent (logically consistent) story line.
W5.11.2. Using transition words/phrases to establish clear chronology and enhance meaning.
W5.11.3. Establishing context (setting or background information), problem/conflict/challenge, and resolution.

W5.12. Grade Level Expectation: Expressive Writing: Narratives: Students demonstrate use of narrative strategies by:

W5.12.1. Using relevant and descriptive details to advance the story line.
W5.12.3. Developing characters through description.

W5.5. Grade Level Expectation: Writing in Response to Literary or Informational Text: In response to literary or informational text, students show understanding of plot/ideas/concepts by:

W5.5.1. Selecting appropriate information to set context/background.
W5.5.2. Summarizing key ideas.
W5.5.3. Connecting what has been read (plot/ideas/concepts) to prior knowledge or other texts.

W5.6. Grade Level Expectation: Writing in Response to Literary or Informational Text: In response to literary or informational text, students make and support analytical judgments about text by:

W5.6.1. Stating and maintaining a focus (purpose) when responding to a given question.
W5.6.2. Using specific details and references to text or citations to support focus.
W5.6.3. Making inferences about the content, events, characters, setting, or common themes.

W5.7. Grade Level Expectation: Writing in Response to Literary or Informational Text: In response to literary or informational text, students engage readers by:

W5.7.1. Organizing ideas using transition words/phrases and writing a conclusion that provides closure.
W5.7.2. Addressing the reader's possible questions.
W5.7.3. Using appropriate voice and tone (word choice, sentences with embedded phrases and clauses).

VT.5.12. Literature and Media: Literate Community: Students participate as members of a literate community, talking about books, ideas, and writing.

R5.19. Grade Level Expectation: Literate Community: Demonstrates participation in a literate community by:

R5.19.2. Participating in in-depth discussions about text, ideas, and student writing by offering comments and supporting evidence, recommending books and other materials, and responding to the comments and recommendations of peers, librarians, teachers, and others.

VT.5.13. Literature and Media: Responding to Text: Students respond to literary texts and public documents using interpretive, critical, and evaluative processes.

R5.10. Grade Level Expectation: Initial Understanding of Literary Text: Demonstrate initial understanding of elements of literary text by:

R5.10.1. Identifying or describing character(s), setting, problem/ solution, major events, or plot, as appropriate to text; or identifying any significant changes in character(s) over time.
R5.10.2. Paraphrasing or summarizing key ideas/plot, with major events sequenced, as appropriate to text.
R5.10.3. Identifying the characteristics of a variety of types of text (e.g., literary texts: poetry, plays, fairy tales, fantasy, fables, realistic fiction, folktales, historical fiction, mysteries).

R5.11. Grade Level Expectation: Initial Understanding of Literary Text: Demonstrate initial understanding of author's craft used in literary texts by:

R5.11.1. Identifying literary devices as appropriate to genre: rhyme, alliteration, simile, dialogue, imagery, or simple metaphors.

R5.12. Grade Level Expectation: Initial Understanding of Informational Text: Demonstrate initial understanding of informational texts (expository and practical texts) by:

R5.12.1. Obtaining information from text features (e.g., table of contents, glossary, index, transition words/phrases, bold or italicized text, headings, subheadings, graphic organizers, charts, graphs, or illustrations).
R5.12.2. Using information from the text to answer questions related to main/central ideas or key details.
R5.12.3. Organizing information to show understanding (e.g., representing main/central ideas or details within text through charting, mapping, paraphrasing, summarizing, or comparing/contrasting).
R5.12.4. Identifying the characteristics of a variety of types of text (e.g., reference: reports, encyclopedias, children's magazines, content trade books, textbooks, student newspapers, Internet Web sites, biographies; and practical/functional texts: procedures, instructions, book orders, announcements, invitations, recipes, menus).

R5.13. Grade Level Expectation: Analysis and Interpretation of Literary Text/Citing Evidence: Analyze and interpret elements of literary texts, citing evidence where appropriate by:

R5.13.1. Making logical predictions.
R5.13.2. Describing characters' physical characteristics, personality traits, or interactions; or providing examples of thoughts, words, or actions that reveal characters' personality traits or their changes over time.
R5.13.3. Making inferences about problem, conflict, solution, or the relationship among elements (plot, character, setting) within text (e.g., how the setting affects a character or plot development).
R5.13.5. Identifying author's message or theme (implied or stated, as in a fable).
R5.13.6. Identifying causes or effects, including possible motives of characters.

R5.14. Grade Level Expectation: Analysis and Interpretation of Literary Text/Citing Evidence: Analyze and interpret author's craft (citing evidence where appropriate) by:

R5.14.1. Demonstrating knowledge of use of literary elements and devices (i.e., imagery, exaggeration) to analyze literary works.

R5.15. Grade Level Expectation: Analysis and Interpretation of Literary Text/Citing Evidence: Generates a well-developed and grounded personal response to what is read through a variety of means and through:

R5.15.1. Comparing stories or other texts to related personal experience, prior knowledge, or other books.

R5.16. Grade Level Expectation: Analysis and Interpretation of Informational Text/Citing Evidence: Analyze and interpret informational text, citing evidence as appropriate by:

R5.16.1. Connecting information within a text or across texts.
R5.16.2. Synthesizing information within or across text(s) (e.g., constructing appropriate titles; or formulating assertions or controlling ideas).
R5.16.3. Drawing inferences about text, including author's purpose (e.g., to inform, explain, entertain, persuade) or message; or forming and supporting opinions/judgments and assertions about central ideas that are relevant.
R5.16.4. Distinguishing fact from opinion.
R5.16.5. Making inferences about causes or effects.

W5.5. Grade Level Expectation: Writing in Response to Literary or Informational Text: In response to literary or informational text, students show understanding of plot/ideas/concepts by:

W5.5.1. Selecting appropriate information to set context/background.
W5.5.2. Summarizing key ideas.
W5.5.3. Connecting what has been read (plot/ideas/concepts) to prior knowledge or other texts.

W5.6. Grade Level Expectation: Writing in Response to Literary or Informational Text: In response to literary or informational text, students make and support analytical judgments about text by:

W5.6.1. Stating and maintaining a focus (purpose) when responding to a given question.
W5.6.2. Using specific details and references to text or citations to support focus.
W5.6.3. Making inferences about the content, events, characters, setting, or common themes.

W5.7. Grade Level Expectation: Writing in Response to Literary or Informational Text: In response to literary or informational text, students engage readers by:

W5.7.1. Organizing ideas using transition words/phrases and writing a conclusion that provides closure.
W5.7.2. Addressing the reader's possible questions.
W5.7.3. Using appropriate voice and tone (word choice, sentences with embedded phrases and clauses).

VT.5.18. The English Language: Structures: Students demonstrate an understanding of the structures of the English language (e.g., sentence, paragraph, text structure).

W5.4. Grade Level Expectation: Structures of Language: Students demonstrate command of the structures of the English language by:

W5.4.2. Using the paragraph form: indenting, main idea, supporting details.
W5.4.3. Recognizing organizational text structures within paragraphs.

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