OH.2. Acquisition of Vocabulary: Students acquire vocabulary through exposure to language-rich situations, such as reading books and other texts and conversing with adults and peers. They use context clues, as well as direct explanations provided by others, to gain new words. They learn to apply word analysis skills to build and extend their own vocabulary. As students progress through the grades, they become more proficient in applying their knowledge of words (origins, parts, relationships, meanings) to acquire specialized vocabulary that aids comprehension.
2.1. Grade Level Indicator: Contextual Understanding: Define the meaning of unknown words by using context clues and the author's use of definition, restatement and example.
2.3. Grade Level Indicator: Conceptual Understanding: Identify analogies and other word relationships, including synonyms and antonyms, to determine the meaning of words.
2.6. Grade Level Indicator: Structural Understanding: Apply the knowledge of prefixes, suffixes and roots and their various inflections to analyze the meanings of words.
2.A. Use context clues and text structures to determine the meaning of new vocabulary.
OH.8. Writing Conventions: Students learn to master writing conventions through exposure to good models and opportunities for practice. Writing conventions include spelling, punctuation, grammar and other conventions associated with forms of written text. They learn the purpose of punctuation: to clarify sentence meaning and help readers know how writing might sound aloud. They develop and extend their understanding of the spelling system, using a range of strategies for spelling words correctly and using newly learned vocabulary in their writing. They grow more skillful at using the grammatical structures of English to effectively communicate ideas in writing and to express themselves.
8.5. Grade Level Indicator: Grammar and Usage: Use all eight parts of speech (e.g., noun, pronoun, verb, adverb, adjective, conjunction, preposition, interjection).