OH.10. Communications: Oral and Visual: Students learn to communicate effectively through exposure to good models and opportunities for practice. By speaking, listening and providing and interpreting visual images, they learn to apply their communication skills in increasingly sophisticated ways. Students learn to deliver presentations that effectively convey information and persuade or entertain audiences. Proficient speakers control language and deliberately choose vocabulary to clarify points and adjust presentations according to audience and purpose.
10.6. Grade Level Indicator: Speaking Skills and Strategies: Adjust volume, phrasing, enunciation, voice modulation and inflection to stress important ideas and impact audience response.
OH.2. Acquisition of Vocabulary: Students acquire vocabulary through exposure to language-rich situations, such as reading books and other texts and conversing with adults and peers. They use context clues, as well as direct explanations provided by others, to gain new words. They learn to apply word analysis skills to build and extend their own vocabulary. As students progress through the grades, they become more proficient in applying their knowledge of words (origins, parts, relationships, meanings) to acquire specialized vocabulary that aids comprehension.
2.1. Grade Level Indicator: Contextual Understanding: Define the meaning of unknown words through context clues and the author's use of comparison, contrast, definition, restatement and example.
2.2. Grade Level Indicator: Conceptual Understanding: Apply knowledge of connotation and denotation to determine the meaning of words.
2.3. Grade Level Indicator: Conceptual Understanding: Infer word meanings through the identification of analogies and other word relationships, including synonyms and antonyms.
2.A. Use context clues and text structures to determine the meaning of new vocabulary.
2.C. Apply knowledge of connotation and denotation to learn the meanings of words.