Oregon Standards for Eighth Grade English Language Arts

Adding New Words to Our Language
FreeOne way that words are added to our language is by word borrowing. Words are "borrowed" from other countries and from other languages. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
Conducting Interviews and Discussions
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Descriptive Text
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Gerunds, Infinitives, and Participles
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Library Skills
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Prepositions, Conjunctions, and Interjections
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Punctuation
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Reading Rate
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Reading-Drama
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Reading-Structural Analysis
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Regular and Irregular Verbs
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Titles and Authors
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OR.EL.08.LI. LITERATURE

Listen to and Read Literary Text: Listen to text and read text to make connections and respond to a wide variety of literature of varying complexity.

EL.08.LI.01. Listen to text and read text to make connections and respond to historically or culturally significant works of literature that enhance the study of other subjects.
Reading Process
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Literary Text: Develop an Interpretation: Develop an interpretation of grade-level literary text.

EL.08.LI.05. Identify the actions and motives (e.g., loyalty, selfishness, conscientiousness) of characters in a work of fiction, including contrasting motives that advance the plot or promote the theme, and discuss their importance to the plot or theme.
Narrative Text
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EL.08.LI.06. Identify and analyze the development of themes in literary works based on evidence in the text.
Narrative Text
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EL.08.LI.07. Infer the main idea when it is not explicitly stated, and support with evidence from the text.
Thinking Skills
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EL.08.LI.08. Infer unstated reasons for actions based on evidence in the text.
Thinking Skills
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Literary Text: Examine Content and Structure: Examine content and structure of grade-level literary text.

EL.08.LI.09. Identify significant literary devices, such as simile, metaphor, personification, symbolism, dialect, and irony which define a writer's style, and use those elements to analyze and evaluate the work.
Figurative Language
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Reading-Figurative Language
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EL.08.LI.12. Analyze the importance of the setting (place, time, customs) to the mood, tone, and meaning of the text.
Narrative Text
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Reading Process
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EL.08.LI.13. Analyze how dialogue is used to develop characters and mood in a selection.
Narrative Text
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EL.08.LI.14. Evaluate the structural elements of the plot, such as subplots, parallel episodes, and climax, including the way in which conflicts are (or are not) addressed and resolved.
Narrative Text
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OR.EL.08.RE. READING

Informational Text: Demonstrate General Understanding: Demonstrate general understanding of grade-level informational text across the subject areas.

EL.08.RE.17. Identify and/or summarize sequence of events, main ideas, facts, supporting details, and opinions in informational and practical selections.
Reading Graphics
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Text Features
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EL.08.RE.18. Clarify understanding of informational texts by creating detailed outlines, graphic organizers, diagrams, logical notes, or summaries.
Expository Text
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Informational Text: Develop an Interpretation: Develop an interpretation of grade-level informational text across the subject areas.

EL.08.RE.20. Determine an author's implicit and explicit assumptions and beliefs about a subject based on evidence in the selection.
Author's Purpose
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Expository Text
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EL.08.RE.21. Infer the main idea when it is not explicitly stated, and support with evidence from the text.
Expository Text
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Thinking Skills
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Informational Text: Examine Content and Structure: Examine content and structure of grade-level informational text across the subject areas.

EL.08.RE.22. Determine the author's purpose and perspective and relate them to specific details in the text.
Author's Purpose
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Expository Text
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EL.08.RE.23. Note and analyze instances of unsupported inferences, deceptive reasoning, persuasion, and propaganda in text.
Persuasive Text
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Thinking Skills
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EL.08.RE.26. Find similarities and differences between texts in the treatment, amount and depth of coverage, or organization of ideas on a particular subject.
Reading Process
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Thinking Skills
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EL.08.RE.27. Synthesize and use information from a variety of consumer and public documents to explain a situation or decision and to solve a problem.
Thinking Skills
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Listen to and Read Informational and Narrative Text: Listen to, read, and understand a wide variety of informational and narrative text across the subject areas at school and on own, applying comprehension strategies as needed. Suggested grade-level target for reading ON OWN: Eighth Grade: 1,000,000 words annually.

EL.08.RE.02. Listen to, read, and understand a wide variety of informational and narrative text, including classic and contemporary literature, poetry, magazines, newspapers, reference materials, and online information.
Reading Process
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Reading and the Internet
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EL.08.RE.03. Make connections to text, within text, and among texts across the subject areas.
Reading Process
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EL.08.RE.05. Match reading to purpose--location of information, full comprehension, and personal enjoyment.
Reading Process
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EL.08.RE.06. Understand and draw upon a variety of comprehension strategies as needed--rereading, self-correcting, summarizing, class and group discussions, generating and responding to essential questions, making predictions, and comparing information from several sources.
Thinking Skills
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EL.08.RE.07. Clearly identify specific words or wordings that are causing comprehension difficulties and use strategies to correct.
Reading Process
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Read to Perform a Task: Find, understand, and use specific information in a variety of texts across the subject areas to perform a task.

EL.08.RE.14. Read textbooks; biographical sketches; letters; diaries; directions; procedures; magazines; essays; primary source historical documents; editorials; news stories; periodicals; bus routes; catalogs; technical directions; consumer, workplace, and public documents.
Using References
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EL.08.RE.15. Synthesize information found in various parts of charts, tables, diagrams, glossaries, or related grade-level text to reach supported conclusions.
Reading Graphics
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Text Features
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Vocabulary: Increase word knowledge through systematic vocabulary development; determine the meaning of new words by applying knowledge of word origins, word relationships, and context clues; verify the meaning of new words; and use those new words accurately across the subject areas.

EL.08.RE.10. Determine meanings of words using contextual and structural clues.
Vocabulary
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EL.08.RE.11. Analyze idioms and comparisons, such as analogies, metaphors, and similes, to infer the literal and figurative meanings of phrases.
Figurative Language
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Reading-Figurative Language
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EL.08.RE.12. Verify the meaning of a word in its context, even when its meaning is not directly stated, through the use of definition, restatement, example, comparison, or contrast.
Vocabulary
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EL.08.RE.13. Determine pronunciations, meanings, alternate word choices, parts of speech, or etymologies of words, using dictionaries and thesauruses.
Dictionary Skills
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Using References
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OR.EL.08.SL. SPEAKING AND LISTENING

Analysis: Evaluate the significance and accuracy of information and ideas presented in oral, visual, and multimedia communications across the subject areas.

EL.08.SL.12. Interpret and evaluate the various ways in which visual image-makers (e.g., graphic artists, illustrators, news photographers, film makers) communicate information and affect impressions and opinions.
Listening and Viewing
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Speaking: Communicate supported ideas across the subject areas using oral, visual, and multimedia forms in ways appropriate to topic, context, audience, and purpose ; organize oral, visual, and multimedia presentations in clear sequence, making connections and transitions among ideas and elements ; use language appropriate to topic, context, audience, and purpose ; and demonstrate control of eye contact, speaking rate, volume, enunciation, inflection, gestures, and other nonverbal techniques. Suggested speech length: Eighth Grade, 3-6 minutes.

EL.08.SL.01. Develop a focus and present information to achieve particular purposes by matching the message, vocabulary, voice modulation, expression, and tone to the audience and purpose.
Speaking
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EL.08.SL.05. Use precise language, action verbs, sensory details, appropriate and colorful modifiers, and the active rather than the passive voice in ways that enliven oral presentations.
Modifiers-Adjectives
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Modifiers-Adverbs
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EL.08.SL.07. Use appropriate enunciation, pace, eye contact, and gestures to engage the audience during formal presentations.
Speaking
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OR.EL.08.WR. WRITING

Conventions: Capitalization: Demonstrate knowledge of spelling, grammar, punctuation, capitalization, and penmanship across the subject areas.

EL.08.WR.22. Use correct capitalization.
Capitalization
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Capitalization
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Conventions: Grammar: Demonstrate knowledge of spelling, grammar, punctuation, capitalization, and penmanship across the subject areas.

EL.08.WR.19. Correctly use frequently misused words (among, between; fewer, less; bring, take; and good, well).
Usage
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Usage
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EL.08.WR.20. Demonstrate appropriate English usage.
Usage
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Usage
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Conventions: Spelling: Demonstrate knowledge of spelling, grammar, punctuation, capitalization, and penmanship across the subject areas.

EL.08.WR.17. Use correct spelling conventions.
Spelling
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Spelling
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Planning, Evaluation, and Revision: Pre-write, draft, revise, edit, and publish across the subject areas.

EL.08.WR.03. Identify audience and purpose.
Process Writing
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EL.08.WR.04. Choose the form of writing that best suits the intended purpose--personal letter, letter to the editor, review, poem, report, or narrative.
Letter Writing
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Research Report Writing: Investigate topics of interest and importance across the subject areas, selecting appropriate media sources, using effective research processes, and demonstrating ethical use of resources and materials.

EL.08.WR.31. Use effective note-taking techniques to ensure appropriate documentation of quoted as well as paraphrased material.
Writing a Research Report
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EL.08.WR.35. Use appropriate methods of citation for quoted as well as paraphrased material (e.g., Works Cited Entries--MLA, Reference Entries--APA).
Writing a Research Report
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Writing Applications: Expository Writing: Research Reports/ Multi-media Presentations (4-HS): Write narrative, expository, and persuasive texts, using a variety of written forms--including journals, essays, short stories, poems, research reports, research papers, business and technical writing--to express ideas appropriate to audience and purpose across the subject areas. Suggested word length: Eighth Grade, 500-1,000 words.

EL.08.WR.26. Write research reports:
EL.08.WR.26.e. Document sources.
Writing a Research Report
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Writing Applications: Expository Writing: Response to Literary Text (4-HS): Write narrative, expository, and persuasive texts, using a variety of written forms--including journals, essays, short stories, poems, research reports, research papers, business and technical writing--to express ideas appropriate to audience and purpose across the subject areas. Suggested word length: Eighth Grade, 500- 1,000 words.

EL.08.WR.25. Write responses to literature:
EL.08.WR.25.c. Draw supported inferences about the effects of a literary work on its audience.
Thinking Skills
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Writing Applications: Summaries, Business Letters, Job Applications and Resumes, Technical Writing (4-HS): Write narrative, expository, and persuasive texts, using a variety of written forms--including journals, essays, short stories, poems, research reports, research papers, business and technical writing--to express ideas appropriate to audience and purpose across the subject areas. Suggested word length: Eighth Grade, 500-1,000 words.

EL.08.WR.28. Write documents related to career development, including simple business letters, job applications and resumes that:
EL.08.WR.28.a. Present information purposefully and succinctly, meeting the needs of the intended audience.
Letter Writing
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EL.08.WR.28.b. Follow the conventional format for the type of document (e.g., letter of inquiry, memorandum).
Letter Writing
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EL.08.WR.29. Write technical documents:
EL.08.WR.29.a. Identify the sequence of activities needed to design a system, operate a tool, or explain the bylaws of an organization's constitution or guidelines.
Process Writing
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Writing Modes: Write narrative, expository, and persuasive texts, using a variety of written forms--including journals, essays, short stories, poems, research reports, research papers, business and technical writing--to express ideas appropriate to audience and purpose across the subject areas. (Personal Narrative, Fictional Narrative, Expository, Persuasive)

Process Writing
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Writing: Communicate supported ideas across the subject areas, including relevant examples, facts, anecdotes, and details appropriate to audience and purpose that engage reader interest ; organize information in clear sequence, making connections and transitions among ideas, sentences, and paragraphs ; and use precise words and fluent sentence structures that support meaning.

EL.08.WR.11. Support theses or conclusions with quotations, opinions from experts, paraphrases, analogies, and/or similar devices.
Figurative Language
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EL.08.WR.14. To present a lively and effective personal style, use varied sentence types (simple, compound, complex, and compound-complex) and sentence openings.
Compound and Complex Sentences
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EL.08.WR.16. To indicate clearly the relationship between ideas, use subordination, coordination, appositives, and other devices.
Sentences
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