National STEM Standards
STEM.M. MATHEMATICS: National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM)
NCTM.1. Number and Operations
1.1. Understand numbers, ways of representing numbers, relationships among numbers, and number systems.
1.1.1. Count with understanding and recognize ''how many'' in sets of objects.
1.1.4. Develop a sense of whole numbers and represent and use them in flexible ways, including relating, composing, and decomposing numbers.
1.1.5. Connect number words and numerals to the quantities they represent, using various physical models and representations.
NCTM.11. Grade 1 Curriculum Focal Points
11.2. Number and Operations: Developing an understanding of whole number relationships, including grouping in tens and ones
11.2.1. Children compare and order whole numbers (at least to 100) to develop an understanding of and solve problems involving the relative sizes of these numbers. They think of whole numbers between 10 and 100 in terms of groups of tens and ones (especially recognizing the numbers 11 to 19 as 1 group of ten and particular numbers of ones). They understand the sequential order of the counting numbers and their relative magnitudes and represent numbers on a number line.
NCTM.12. Connections to the Grade 1 Focal Points
12.3. Algebra: Through identifying, describing, and applying number patterns and properties in developing strategies for basic facts, children learn about other properties of numbers and operations, such as odd and even (e.g., ''Even numbers of objects can be paired, with none left over''), and 0 as the identity element for addition.