Kansas Academic Standards
KS.1.OA. Operations and Algebraic Thinking
Understand and apply properties of operations and the relationship between addition and subtraction.
1.OA.4. example, subtract 10−8 by finding the number that makes 10 when added to 8.
Add and subtract within 20.
1.OA.5. Relate counting to addition and subtraction (e.g. by counting on 2 to add 2, counting back 1 to subtract 1).
1.OA.6. Add and subtract within 20, demonstrating fluency (efficiently, accurately, and flexibly) for addition and subtraction within 10. Use mental strategies such as counting on; making ten (e.g. 8+6=8+2+4=10+4=14); decomposing a number leading to a ten (e.g. 13−4=13−3−1=10−1=9); using the relationship between addition and subtraction (e.g. knowing that 8+4=12, one knows 12−8=4); and creating equivalent but easier or known sums (e.g. adding 6+7 by creating the known equivalent 6+6+1=12+1=13).
KS.1.NBT. Number and Operations in Base Ten
Understand place value.
1.NBT.2. Understand that the two digits of a two-digit number represent amounts of tens and ones. Understand the following as special cases:
1.NBT.2d. Show flexibility in composing and decomposing tens and ones (e.g. 20 can be composed from 2 tens or 1 ten and 10 ones, or 20 ones.)