U.S. National Standards
N.1. Number and Operations (NCTM)
1.1. Understand numbers, ways of representing numbers, relationships among numbers, and number systems.
1.1.2. Use multiple models to develop initial understandings of place value and the base-ten number system.
1.1.4. Develop a sense of whole numbers and represent and use them in flexible ways, including relating, composing, and decomposing numbers.
1.1.5. Connect number words and numerals to the quantities they represent, using various physical models and representations.
N.11. Grade 2 Curriculum Focal Points (NCTM)
11.1. Number and Operations: Developing an understanding of the base-ten numeration system and place-value concepts
11.1.1. Children develop an understanding of the base-ten numeration system and place-value concepts (at least to 1000). Their understanding of base-ten numeration includes ideas of counting in units and multiples of hundreds, tens, and ones, as well as a grasp of number relationships, which they demonstrate in a variety of ways, including comparing and ordering numbers. They understand multi-digit numbers in terms of place value, recognizing that place-value notation is a shorthand for the sums of multiples of powers of 10 (e.g., 853 as 8 hundreds + 5 tens + 3 ones).