North Dakota Academic Content Standards
ND.4.OA. Operations and Algebraic Thinking
Use the four operations with whole numbers to solve problems.
4.OA.1. Interpret a multiplication equation as a comparison. Represent verbal statements of multiplicative comparisons as multiplication equations.
4.OA.2. Use drawings and equations with a symbol for the unknown number (variable) to represent the problem. Multiply or divide to solve word problems involving multiplicative comparison, distinguishing multiplicative comparison from additive comparison.
4.OA.3. Solve multistep word problems posed with whole numbers and having whole-number answers using the four operations, including problems in which remainders must be interpreted. Represent these problems using equations with a letter standing for the unknown quantity (variable). Assess the reasonableness of answers using mental computation and estimation strategies including rounding.
ND.4.NBT. Number and Operations in Base Ten
Use place value understanding and properties of operations to perform multi-digit arithmetic.
4.NBT.5. Using strategies based on place value and the properties of operations, multiply a whole number of up to four digits by a one-digit whole number, and multiply two two-digit numbers. Illustrate and explain the calculation by using equations, rectangular arrays, and/or area models.