U.S. National Standards
N.1. Number and Operations (NCTM)
1.1. Understand numbers, ways of representing numbers, relationships among numbers, and number systems.
1.1.1. Understand the place-value structure of the base-ten number system and be able to represent and compare whole numbers and decimals.
1.1.4. Use models, benchmarks, and equivalent forms to judge the size of fractions.
1.1.5. Recognize and generate equivalent forms of commonly used fractions, decimals, and percents.
N.2. Algebra (NCTM)
2.3. Use mathematical models to represent and understand quantitative relationships.
2.3.1. Model problem situations with objects and use representations such as graphs, tables, and equations to draw conclusions.