VT.7.10. Mathematical Problem Solving: Applications: Students use concrete, formal, and informal strategies to solve mathematical problems, apply the process of mathematical modeling, and extend and generalize mathematical concepts. Students apply mathematics as they solve scientific and technological problems or work with technological systems.
M5:33. Demonstrate understanding of mathematical problem solving and communication through mathematical language - the use of mathematical language in communicating the solution.
VT.7.6. Mathematical Understanding: Arithmetic, Number, and Operation Concepts: Students understand arithmetic in computation, and they select and use, in appropriate situations, mental arithmetic, pencil and paper, calculator, and computer.
M5:1. Demonstrates conceptual understanding of rational numbers with respect to: whole numbers from 0 to 9,999,999 through equivalency, composition, decomposition, or place value using models, explanations, or other representations; positive fractional numbers (proper, mixed number, and improper) (halves, fourths, eighths, thirds, sixths, twelfths, fifths, or powers of ten ), decimals (to thousandths), or benchmark percents (10%, 25%, 50%, 75% or 100%) as a part to whole relationship in area, set, or linear models using models, explanations, or other representations.
VT.7.9. Mathematical Understanding: Statistics and Probability Concepts: Students use statistics and probability concepts.
M5:27. For a probability event in which the sample space may or may not contain equally likely outcomes, determines the experimental or theoretical probability of an event and expresses the result as a fraction.
M5:29. Uses experimental probability, evaluates the possible outcomes, and describes the likelihood or chance of an event as a ratio of actual times the event occurred to the number of trials written as either a ratio or as part to whole.