Maryland College and Career-Ready Standards
MD.MA.6.RP. Ratios and Proportional Relationships (RP)
Understand ratio concepts and use ratio reasoning to solve problems.
6.RP.1. Understand the concept of a ratio and use ratio language to describe a ratio relationship between two quantities. For example, “The ratio of wings to beaks in the bird house at the zoo was 2:1, because for every 2 wings there was 1 beak.” “For every vote candidate A received, candidate C received nearly three votes.”
6.RP.1.1. Knowledge of ratio as a comparison of any two quantities.
6.RP.1.2. Knowledge of a ratio is not always a comparison of part-to-whole; Can be part-to-part or whole-to-whole.
6.RP.3. Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve real-world and mathematical problems, e.g., by reasoning about tables of equivalent ratios, tape diagrams, double number line diagrams, or equations.
6.RP.3.a. Make tables of equivalent ratios relating quantities with whole-number measurements, find missing values in the tables, and plot the pairs of values on the coordinate plane. Use tables to compare ratios.
6.RP.3.a.2. Ability to use multiplicative relationships to extend an initial ratio to equivalent ratios; When working backward, use the inverse operation (division).
6.RP.3.c. Find a percent of a quantity as a rate per 100 (e.g., 30% of a quantity means 30/100 times the quantity); solve problems involving finding the whole given a part and the percent.
6.RP.3.c.2. Ability to solve problems using equivalent ratios. (NOTE: Proportions are not introduced until Grade 7.) This is developing proportional reasoning without formal proportions.