U.S. National Standards
N.1. Number and Operations (NCTM)
1.1. Understand numbers, ways of representing numbers, relationships among numbers, and number systems.
1.1.5. Develop an understanding of large numbers and recognize and appropriately use exponential, scientific, and calculator notation.
N.12. Connections to the Grade 8 Focal Points (NCTM)
12.4. Number and Operations: Students use exponents and scientific notation to describe very large and very small numbers. They use square roots when they apply the Pythagorean Theorem.