National STEM Standards
STEM.M. MATHEMATICS: National Council of Teachers of Mathematics
NCTM.1. Number and Operations
1.1. Understand numbers, ways of representing numbers, relationships among numbers, and number systems.
1.1.1. Count with understanding and recognize 'how many' in sets of objects.
1.1.3. Develop understanding of the relative position and magnitude of whole numbers and of ordinal and cardinal numbers and their connections.
1.1.4. Develop a sense of whole numbers and represent and use them in flexible ways, including relating, composing, and decomposing numbers.
1.1.5. Connect number words and numerals to the quantities they represent, using various physical models and representations.