MI.C4. Chemistry: Properties of Matter: Compounds, elements, and mixtures are categories used to organize matter. Students organize materials into these categories based on their chemical and physical behavior. Students understand the structure of the atom to make predictions about the physical and chemical properties of various elements and the types of compounds those elements will form. An understanding of the organization the Periodic Table in terms of the outer electron configuration is one of the most important tools for the chemist and student to use in prediction and explanation of the structure and behavior of atoms.
C4.10. Neutral Atoms, Ions, and Isotopes
C4.10A. List the number of protons, neutrons, and electrons for any given ion or isotope.
C4.10x. Average Atomic Mass
C4.10c. Calculate the average atomic mass of an element given the percent abundance and mass of the individual isotopes.
C4.10d. Average Atomic Mass: Predict which isotope will have the greatest abundance given the possible isotopes for an element and the average atomic mass in the periodic table.
C4.10e. Average Atomic Mass: Write the symbol for an isotope, zX, where z is the atomic number, A is the mass number, and X is the symbol for the element.
C4.8. Atomic Structure
C4.8A. Identify the location, relative mass, and charge for electrons, protons, and neutrons.
C4.8B. Describe the atom as mostly empty space with an extremely small, dense nucleus consisting of the protons and neutrons and an electron cloud surrounding the nucleus.