IL.12. Concepts and Principles: Understand the fundamental concepts, principles and interconnections of the life, physical and earth/space sciences.
12.C. Know and apply concepts that describe properties of matter and energy and the interactions between them.
12.C.2a. Describe and compare types of energy including light, heat, sound, electrical and mechanical.
12.D. Know and apply concepts that describe force and motion and the principles that explain them.
12.D.2a. Explain constant, variable and periodic motions.
12.D.2b. Demonstrate and explain ways that forces cause actions and reactions (e.g., magnets attracting and repelling; objects falling, rolling and bouncing).
12.E. Know and apply concepts that describe the features and processes of the Earth and its resources.
12.E.2c. Identify and classify recyclable materials.
IL.13. Science, Technology, and Society: Understand the relationships among science, technology and society in historical and contemporary contexts.
13.B. Know and apply concepts that describe the interaction between science, technology and society.
13.B.2d. Compare the relative effectiveness of reducing, reusing and recycling in actual situations.