MI.E. Earth Science
E.ES. Earth Systems: Develop an understanding of the warming of the Earth by the sun as the major source of energy for phenomenon on Earth and how the sun's warming relates to weather, climate, seasons, and the water cycle. Understand how human interaction and use of natural resources affects the environment.
E.ES.E.4. Natural Resources- The supply of many natural resources is limited. Humans have devised methods for extending their use of natural resources through recycling, reuse, and renewal.
E.ES.03.42. Classify renewable (fresh water, farmland, forests) and non-renewable (fuels, metals) resources.
E.ES.03.44. Recognize that paper, metal, glass, and some plastics can be recycled.
E.SE. Solid Earth: Develop an understanding of the properties of earth materials and how those properties make materials useful. Understand gradual and rapid changes in earth materials and features of the surface of Earth. Understand magnetic properties of Earth.
E.SE.E.3. Using Earth Materials- Some Earth materials have properties that make them useful either in their present form or designed and modified to solve human problems. They can enhance the quality of life as in the case of materials used for building or fuels used for heating and transportation.
E.SE.03.32. Describe how materials taken from the Earth can be used as fuels for heating and transportation.
MI.P. Physical Science
P.EN. Energy: Develop an understanding that there are many forms of energy (such as heat, light, sound, and electrical) and that energy is transferable by convection, conduction, or radiation. Understand energy can be in motion, called kinetic; or it can be stored, called potential. Develop an understanding that as temperature increases, more energy is added to a system. Understand nuclear reactions in the sun produce light and heat for the Earth.
P.EN.E.1. Forms of Energy- Heat, electricity, light, and sound are forms of energy.
P.EN.03.11. Identify light and sound as forms of energy.
P.EN.E.2. Light Properties- Light travels in straight lines. Shadows result from light not being able to pass through an object. When light travels at an angle from one substance to another (air and water), it changes direction.
P.EN.03.22. Demonstrate what happens to light when it travels from water to air. (straw half in water looks bent).
P.FM. Force and Motion: Develop an understanding that the position and/or motion of an object is relative to a point of reference. Understand forces affect the motion and speed of an object and that the net force on an object is the total of all of the forces acting on it. Understand the Earth pulls down on objects with a force called gravity. Develop an understanding that some forces are in direct contact with objects, while other forces are not in direct contact with objects.
P.FM.E.2. Gravity- Earth pulls down on all objects with a force called gravity. With very few exceptions, objects fall to the ground no matter where the object is on the Earth.
P.FM.03.22. Identify the force that pulls objects towards the Earth.
P.FM.E.3. Force- A force is either a push or a pull. The motion of objects can be changed by forces. The size of the change is related to the size of the force. The change is also related to the weight (mass) of the object on which the force is being exerted. When an object does not move in response to a force, it is because another force is being applied by the environment.
P.FM.03.35. Describe how a push or a pull is a force.
P.FM.03.36. Relate a change in motion of an object to the force that caused the change of motion.
P.FM.E.4. Speed- An object is in motion when its position is changing. The speed of an object is defined by how far it travels divided by the amount of time it took to travel that far.
P.FM.03.41. Compare and contrast the motion of objects in terms of direction.
P.FM.03.42. Identify changes in motion (change direction, speeding up, slowing down).