Rhode Island Standards
RI.PS2. Physical Science: Energy is necessary for change to occur in matter. Energy can be stored, transferred, and transformed, but cannot be destroyed.
PS2 (K-4) SAE-5. Use observations of light in relation to other objects/substances to describe the properties of light (can be reflected, refracted, or absorbed).
PS2 (3-4)-5. Students demonstrate an understanding of energy by...
5a. Investigating observable effects of light using a variety of light sources (e.g., light travels in a straight line until it interacts with an object, blocked light rays produce shadows).
5b. Predicting, describing, and investigating how light rays are reflected, refracted, or absorbed.
RI.PS3. Physical Science: The motion of an object is affected by forces.
PS3 (K-4)-INQ+SAE-7. Use data to predict how a change in force (greater/less) might affect the position, direction of motion, or speed of an object (e.g., ramps and balls).
PS3 (3-4)-7. Students demonstrate an understanding of motion by...
7a. Predicting the direction and describing the motion of objects (of different weights, shapes, sizes, etc.) if a force is applied to it.
7c. Investigating and describing that different amounts of force can change direction/speed of an object in motion.
7d. Conducting experiments to demonstrate that different objects fall to earth unless something is holding them up.