MA.ES. EARTH AND SPACE SCIENCE
ES.12. Give examples of how the surface of the earth changes due to slow processes such as erosion and weathering, and rapid processes such as landslides, volcanic eruptions, and earthquakes.
Rocks and Their Properties
ES.1. Give a simple explanation of what a mineral is and some examples, e.g., quartz, mica.
ES.3. Identify the three categories of rocks (metamorphic, igneous, and sedimentary) based on how they are formed, and explain the natural and physical processes that create these rocks.
ES.5. Recognize and discuss the different properties of soil, including color, texture (size of particles), the ability to retain water, and the ability to support the growth of plants.
The Water Cycle
ES.10. Describe how water on earth cycles in different forms and in different locations, including underground and in the atmosphere.
ES.11. Give examples of how the cycling of water, both in and out of the atmosphere, has an effect on climate.
ES.6. Explain how air temperature, moisture, wind speed and direction, and precipitation make up the weather in a particular place and time.
ES.7. Distinguish among the various forms of precipitation (rain, snow, sleet, and hail), making connections to the weather in a particular place and time.
ES.9. Differentiate between weather and climate.