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Earth - Inside and Out Fourth Grade Science
Plant Responses and Adaptations Fifth Grade Science
Earth's oceans Fifth Grade Science
Ecosystems and changes in ecosystems Fourth Grade Science
All About Energy Third Grade Science
Objects in motion Second Grade Science

New Mexico Standards for Third Grade Science

NM.I. Scientific Thinking and Practice: Understand the processes of scientific investigations and use inquiry and scientific ways of observing, experimenting, predicting, and validating to think critically.

I-A. Use scientific methods to observe, collect, record, analyze, predict, interpret, and determine reasonableness of data.

I-A.1a. Make new observations when discrepancies exist between two descriptions of the same object or phenomenon to improve accuracy.
I-A.3a. Use numerical data in describing and comparing objects, events, and measurements.
I-A.4a. Collect data in an investigation and analyze those data.

I-B. Use scientific thinking and knowledge and communicate findings.

I-B.1a. Use a variety of methods to display data and present findings.
I-B.2a. Understand that predictions are based on observations, measurements, and cause-and-effect relationships.

I-C. Use mathematical skills and vocabulary to analyze data, understand patterns and relationships, and communicate findings.

I-C.1a. Use numerical data in describing and comparing objects, events, and measurements.
I-C.3a. Use various methods to display data and present findings and communicate results in accurate mathematical language.

NM.II. Content of Science: Earth and Space Science: Understand the structure of Earth, the solar system, and the universe, the interconnections among them, and the processes and interactions of Earth's systems.

II-A. Know the structure of the solar system and the objects in the universe.

II-A.1a. Describe the objects in the solar system (e.g., sun, Earth and other planets, moon) and their features (e.g., size, temperature).
II-A.2a. Describe the relationships among the objects in the solar system (e.g., relative distances, orbital motions).
II-A.3a. Observe that the pattern of stars stays the same as they appear to move across the sky nightly.
II-A.4a. Observe that different constellations can be seen in different seasons.

II-B. Know the structure and formation of Earth and its atmosphere and the processes that shape them.

II-B.1a. Know that Earth's features are constantly changed by a combination of slow and rapid processes that include the action of volcanoes, earthquakes, mountain building, biological changes, erosion, and weathering.
II-B.2a. Know that fossils are evidence of earlier life and provide data about plants and animals that lived long ago.
II-B.3a. Know that air takes up space, is colorless, tasteless, and odorless, and exerts a force.
II-B.4a. Identify how water exists in the air in different forms (e.g., in clouds and fog as tiny droplets; in rain, snow, and hail) and changes from one form to another through various processes (e.g., freezing/condensation, precipitation, evaporation).

NM.II. Content of Science: Life Science: Understand the properties, structures, and processes of living things and the interdependence of living things and their environments.

II-A. Know that living things have diverse forms, structures, functions, and habitats.

II-A.1a. Know that an adaptation in physical structure or behavior can improve an organism's chance for survival (e.g., horned toads, chameleons, cacti, mushrooms).
II-A.2a. Observe that plants and animals have structures that serve different functions (e.g., shape of animals' teeth).
II-A.3a. Classify common animals according to their observable characteristics (e.g., body coverings, structure).
II-A.4a. Classify plants according to their characteristics (e.g., tree leaves, flowers, seeds).

NM.II. Content of Science: Physical Science: Understand the structure and properties of matter, the characteristics of energy, and the interactions between matter and energy.

II-A. Recognize that matter has different forms and properties.

II-A.1a. Identify and compare properties of pure substances and mixtures (e.g., sugar, fruit juice).
II-A.2a. Separate mixtures based on properties (e.g., by size or by substance; rocks and sand, iron filings and sand, salt and sand).

II-B. Know that energy is needed to get things done and that energy has different forms.

II-B.1a. Understand that light is a form of energy and can travel through a vacuum.
II-B.2a. Know that light travels in a straight line until it strikes an object and then it is reflected, refracted, or absorbed.
II-B.3a. Measure energy and energy changes (e.g., temperature changes).

II-C. Identify forces and describe the motion of objects.

II-C.1a. Recognize that magnets can produce motion by attracting some materials (e.g., steel) and have no effect on others (e.g., plastics).
II-C.2a. Describe how magnets have poles (N and S) and that like poles repel each other while unlike poles attract.
II-C.3a. Observe that some forces produce motion without objects touching (e.g., magnetic force on nails).
II-C.4a. Describe motion on different time scales (e.g., the slow motion of a plant toward light, the fast motion of a tuning fork).

NM.III. Science and Society: Understand how scientific discoveries, inventions, practices, and knowledge influence, and are influenced by, individuals and societies.

III-A. Describe how science influences decisions made by individuals and societies.

III-A.1a. Describe how food packaging (e.g., airtight containers, date) and preparation (heating, cooling, salting, smoking, drying) extend food life and the safety of foods (e.g., elimination of bacteria).
III-A.2a. Know that science produces information for the manufacture and recycling of materials (e.g., materials that can be recycled and others that cannot [gasoline]).