IL.12. Concepts and Principles: Understand the fundamental concepts, principles and interconnections of the life, physical and earth/space sciences.
12.A. Know and apply concepts that explain how living things function, adapt and change.
12.A.2a. Describe simple life cycles of plants and animals and the similarities and differences in their offspring.
12.B. Know and apply concepts that describe how living things interact with each other and with their environment.
12.B.2a. Describe relationships among various organisms in their environments (e.g., predator/prey, parasite/host, food chains and food webs).