OH.3. Physical Sciences: Students demonstrate an understanding of the composition of physical systems and the concepts and principles that describe and predict physical interactions and events in the natural world. This includes demonstrating an understanding of the structure and properties of matter, the properties of materials and objects, chemical reactions and the conservation of matter. In addition, it includes understanding the nature, transfer and conservation of energy; motion and the forces affecting motion; and the nature of waves and interactions of matter and energy. Students demonstrate an understanding of the historical perspectives, scientific approaches and emerging scientific issues associated with the physical sciences.
3.5. Grade Level Indicator: Nature of Energy: Compare ways the temperature of an object can be changed (e.g., rubbing, heating and bending of metal).
3.C. Describe the forces that directly affect objects and their motion.
3.D. Summarize the way changes in temperature can be produced and thermal energy transferred.
3.F. Describe the properties of light and sound energy.
OH.5. Scientific Inquiry: Students develop scientific habits of mind as they use the processes of scientific inquiry to ask valid questions and to gather and analyze information. They understand how to develop hypotheses and make predictions. They are able to reflect on scientific practices as they develop plans of action to create and evaluate a variety of conclusions. Students are also able to demonstrate the ability to communicate their findings to others.
5.2. Grade Level Indicator: Doing Scientific Inquiry: Analyze a series of events and/or simple daily or seasonal cycles, describe the patterns and infer the next likely occurrence.