New Jersey Standards
NJ.5.4.4. Earth Systems Science: Earth operates as a set of complex, dynamic, and interconnected systems, and is a part of the all-encompassing system of the universe.
5.4.4.A. Objects in the Universe: Our universe has been expanding and evolving for 13.7 billion years under the influence of gravitational and nuclear forces. As gravity governs its expansion, organizational patterns, and the movement of celestial bodies, nuclear forces within stars govern its evolution through the processes of stellar birth and death. These same processes governed the formation of our solar system 4.6 billion years ago.
Earth is approximately spherical in shape. Objects fall towards the center of the Earth because of the pull of the force of gravity.
5.4.4.A.3. Generate a model with explanatory value that explains both why objects roll down ramps as well as why the Moon orbits Earth.
Earth is the third planet from the Sun in our solar system, which includes seven other planets.
5.4.4.A.4. Analyze and evaluate evidence in the form of data tables and photographs to categorize and relate solar system objects (e.g., planets, dwarf planets, moons, asteroids, and comets).
The observable shape of the Moon changes from day to day in a cycle that lasts 29.5 days.
5.4.4.A.2. Identify patterns of the Moon's appearance and make predictions about its future appearance based observational data.