New Jersey Standards
NJ.5.4.4. Earth Systems Science: Earth operates as a set of complex, dynamic, and interconnected systems, and is a part of the all-encompassing system of the universe.
5.4.4.C. Properties of Earth Materials: Earth's composition is unique, is related to the origin of our solar system, and provides us with the raw resources needed to sustain life.
Earth materials in nature include rocks, minerals, soils, water, and the gases of the atmosphere. Attributes of rocks and minerals assist in their identification.
5.4.4.C.2. Categorize unknown samples as either rocks or minerals.
Rocks can be broken down to make soil.
5.4.4.C.1. Create a model to represent how soil is formed.
5.4.4.F. Climate and Weather: Earth's weather and climate systems are the result of complex interactions between land, ocean, ice, and atmosphere.
Weather changes that occur from day to day and across the seasons can be measured and documented using basic instruments such as a thermometer, wind vane, anemometer, and rain gauge.
5.4.4.F.1. Identify patterns in data collected from basic weather instruments.
5.4.4.G. Biogeochemical Cycles: The biogeochemical cycles in the Earth systems include the flow of microscopic and macroscopic resources from one reservoir in the hydrosphere, geosphere, atmosphere, or biosphere to another, are driven by Earth's internal and external sources of energy, and are impacted by human activity.
Clouds and fog are made of tiny droplets of water and, at times, tiny particles of ice.
5.4.4.G.1. Explain how clouds form.
Most of Earth’s surface is covered by water. Water circulates through the crust, oceans, and atmosphere in what is known as the water cycle.
5.4.4.G.3. Trace a path a drop of water might follow through the water cycle.
Properties of water depend on where the water is located (oceans, rivers, lakes, underground sources, and glaciers).
5.4.4.G.4. Model how the properties of water can change as water moves through the water cycle.
Rain, snow, and other forms of precipitation come from clouds; not all clouds produce precipitation.
5.4.4.G.2. Observe daily cloud patterns, types of precipitation, and temperature, and categorize the clouds by the conditions that form precipitation.