Virginia Standards of Learning
VA.4. Virginia 2010 Science Standards of Learning
4.4. The student will investigate and understand basic plant anatomy and life processes. Key concepts include
4.4.a) The structures of typical plants and the function of each structure.
4.4.b) Processes and structures involved with plant reproduction.
4.5. The student will investigate and understand how plants and animals, including humans, in an ecosystem interact with one another and with the nonliving components in the ecosystem. Key concepts include
4.5.e) Changes in an organism's niche at various stages in its life cycle.