Utah Core Standards
UT.1. Intended Learning Outcome: Use Science Process and Thinking Skills.
1.g. Develop and use simple classification systems.
UT.III. Students will understand the basic properties of rocks, the processes involved in the formation of soils, and the needs of plants provided by soil.
III.1. Identify basic properties of minerals and rocks.
III.1.a. Describe the differences between minerals and rocks.
III.1.b. Observe rocks using a magnifying glass and draw shapes and colors of the minerals.
III.1.c. Sort rocks by appearance according to the three basic types: sedimentary, igneous and metamorphic (e.g., sedimentary-rounded-appearing mineral and rock particles that are cemented together, often in layers; igneous-with or without observable crystals that are not in layers or with or without air holes or glasslike; metamorphic -crystals/minerals, often in layers).
III.1.d. Classify common rocks found in Utah as sedimentary (i.e., sandstone, conglomerate, shale), igneous (i.e., basalt, granite, obsidian, pumice) and metamorphic (i.e., marble, gneiss, schist).