South Carolina Standards & Learning
SC.5.L. LIFE SCIENCE: INTERDEPENDENT RELATIONSHIPS IN ECOSYSTEMS
5.L.4. The student will demonstrate an understanding of relationships among biotic and abiotic factors within terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems.
5.L.4B. Conceptual Understanding: All organisms need energy to live and grow. Energy is obtained from food. The role an organism serves in an ecosystem can be described by the way in which it gets its energy. Energy is transferred within an ecosystem as organisms produce, consume, or decompose food. A healthy ecosystem is one in which a diversity of life forms are able to meet their needs in a relatively stable web of life.
Students who demonstrate this understanding can:
5.L.4B.1. Analyze and interpret data to explain how organisms obtain their energy and classify an organisms as producers, consumers (including herbivore, carnivore, and omnivore), or decomposers (such as fungi and bacteria).
5.L.4B.3. Construct explanations for how organisms interact with each other in an ecosystem (including predators and prey, and parasites and hosts).