New Jersey Standards
NJ.5.3.6. Life Science: Life science principles are powerful conceptual tools for making sense of the complexity, diversity, and interconnectedness of life on Earth. Order in natural systems arises in accordance with rules that govern the physical world, and the order of natural systems can be modeled and predicted through the use of mathematics.
5.3.6.C. Interdependence: All animals and most plants depend on both other organisms and their environment to meet their basic needs.
Various human activities have changed the capacity of the environment to support some life forms.
5.3.6.C.1. Explain the impact of meeting human needs and wants on local and global environments.
NJ.5.4.6. Earth Systems Science: Earth operates as a set of complex, dynamic, and interconnected systems, and is a part of the all-encompassing system of the universe.
5.4.6.A. Objects in the Universe: Our universe has been expanding and evolving for 13.7 billion years under the influence of gravitational and nuclear forces. As gravity governs its expansion, organizational patterns, and the movement of celestial bodies, nuclear forces within stars govern its evolution through the processes of stellar birth and death. These same processes governed the formation of our solar system 4.6 billion years ago.
Earth’s position relative to the Sun, and the rotation of Earth on its axis, result in patterns and cycles that define time units of days and years.
5.4.6.A.2. Construct and evaluate models demonstrating the rotation of Earth on its axis and the orbit of Earth around the Sun.