New Jersey Standards
NJ.5.4.6. Earth Systems Science: Earth operates as a set of complex, dynamic, and interconnected systems, and is a part of the all-encompassing system of the universe.
5.4.6.B. History of Earth: From the time that Earth formed from a nebula 4.6 billion years ago, it has been evolving as a result of geologic, biological, physical, and chemical processes.
Moving water, wind, and ice continually shape Earth’s surface by eroding rock and soil in some areas and depositing them in other areas.
5.4.6.B.3. Determine if landforms were created by processes of erosion (e.g., wind, water, and/or ice) based on evidence in pictures, video, and/or maps.
5.4.6.C. Properties of Earth Materials: Earth's composition is unique, is related to the origin of our solar system, and provides us with the raw resources needed to sustain life.
Rocks and rock formations contain evidence that tell a story about their past. The story is dependent on the minerals, materials, tectonic conditions, and erosion forces that created them.
5.4.6.C.3. Deduce the story of the tectonic conditions and erosion forces that created sample rocks or rock formations.
The rock cycle is a model of creation and transformation of rocks from one form (sedimentary, igneous, or metamorphic) to another. Rock families are determined by the origin and transformations of the rock.
5.4.6.C.2. Distinguish physical properties of sedimentary, igneous, or metamorphic rocks and explain how one kind of rock could eventually become a different kind of rock.
5.4.6.D. Tectonics: The theory of plate tectonics provides a framework for understanding the dynamic processes within and on Earth.
Earth’s landforms are created through constructive (deposition) and destructive (erosion) processes.
5.4.6.D.2. Locate areas that are being created (deposition) and destroyed (erosion) using maps and satellite images.
Lithospheric plates consisting of continents and ocean floors move in response to movements in the mantle.
5.4.6.D.1. Apply understanding of the motion of lithospheric plates to explain why the Pacific Rim is referred to as the Ring of Fire.