IL.12. Concepts and Principles: Understand the fundamental concepts, principles and interconnections of the life, physical and earth/space sciences.
12.D. Know and apply concepts that describe force and motion and the principles that explain them.
12.D.2a. Explain constant, variable and periodic motions.
12.D.2b. Demonstrate and explain ways that forces cause actions and reactions (e.g., magnets attracting and repelling; objects falling, rolling and bouncing).