New Jersey Standards
NJ.5.4.6. Earth Systems Science: Earth operates as a set of complex, dynamic, and interconnected systems, and is a part of the all-encompassing system of the universe.
5.4.6.A. Objects in the Universe: Our universe has been expanding and evolving for 13.7 billion years under the influence of gravitational and nuclear forces. As gravity governs its expansion, organizational patterns, and the movement of celestial bodies, nuclear forces within stars govern its evolution through the processes of stellar birth and death. These same processes governed the formation of our solar system 4.6 billion years ago.
Earth’s position relative to the Sun, and the rotation of Earth on its axis, result in patterns and cycles that define time units of days and years.
5.4.6.A.2. Construct and evaluate models demonstrating the rotation of Earth on its axis and the orbit of Earth around the Sun.
The height of the path of the Sun in the sky and the length of a shadow change over the course of a year.
5.4.6.A.1. Generate and analyze evidence (through simulations) that the Sun's apparent motion across the sky changes over the course of a year.
The Sun is the central and most massive body in our solar system, which includes eight planets and their moons, dwarf planets, asteroids, and comets.
5.4.6.A.4. Compare and contrast the major physical characteristics (including size and scale) of solar system objects using evidence in the form of data tables and photographs.