Ohio Learning Standards
EARTH AND SPACE SCIENCE (ESS)
Topic: Cycles and Patterns in the Solar System - This topic focuses on the characteristics, cycles and patterns in the solar system and within the universe.
5.ESS.1: The solar system includes the sun and all celestial bodies that orbit the sun. Each planet in the solar system has unique characteristics.
The distance from the sun, size, composition and movement of each planet are unique. Planets revolve around the sun in elliptical orbits. Some of the planets have moons and/or debris that orbit them. Comets, asteroids and meteoroids orbit the sun.
5.ESS.3: Most of the cycles and patterns of motion between the Earth and sun are predictable.
Earth’s revolution around the sun takes approximately 365 days. Earth completes one rotation on its axis in a 24-hour period, producing day and night. This rotation makes the sun, stars and moon appear to change position in the sky.