KY.PS. Program of Studies 2006
SC-6-UD. Big Idea: Unity and Diversity (Biological Science) - All matter is comprised of the same basic elements, goes through the same kinds of energy transformations, and uses the same kinds of forces to move. Living organisms are no exception. In middle school, students begin to compare, contrast, and classify the microscopic features of organisms - the cells, as well as investigate reproduction as the essential process to the continuation of all species. Expected patterns of genetic traits are predicted. Distinctions are made between learned behaviors and inherited traits. Emphasis at every level should be placed upon the understanding that while every living thing is composed of similar small constituents that combine in predictable ways, it is the subtle variations within these small building blocks that account for both the likenesses and differences in form and function that create the diversity of life. (Academic Expectations 2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 2.5)
SC-6-UD-U-1. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that cells are the fundamental units that perform the basic functions needed to sustain life. Some organisms contain only a single cell, while others may have many millions of specialized cells grouped together in cooperative systems with specific functions (tissues and/or organs).
SC-6-UD-U-3. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that although plants and animals exhibit a great variety in body structures that contribute to their survival and reproduction, the basic way that individual cells function is similar in all living organisms.
SC-6-UD-U-6. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that even the most different of organisms are fundamentally more alike than different. Their seemingly great differences conceal the great similarities apparent at the cellular level.