IL.12. Concepts and Principles: Understand the fundamental concepts, principles and interconnections of the life, physical and earth/space sciences.
12.A. Know and apply concepts that explain how living things function, adapt and change.
12.A.3c. Compare and contrast how different forms and structures reflect different functions (e.g., similarities and differences among animals that fly, walk or swim; structures of plant cells and animal cells).
12.B. Know and apply concepts that describe how living things interact with each other and with their environment.
12.B.3b. Compare and assess features of organisms for their adaptive, competitive and survival potential (e.g., appendages, reproductive rates, camouflage, defensive structures).