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Pennsylvania Standards for Sixth Grade Science

PA.3. Science and Technology and Engineering Education

3.1. Biological Sciences

3.1.A. Organisms and Cells
3.1.6.A1. Describe the similarities and differences of major physical characteristics in plants, animals, fungi, protists, and bacteria
3.1.6.A2. Describe how energy derived from the sun is used by plants to produce sugars (photosynthesis) and is transferred within a food chain from producers (plants) to consumers to decomposers.
3.1.6.A4. Recognize that all organisms are composed of cells and that many organisms are unicellular and must carry out all life functions in one cell.
3.1.6.A5. Describe basic structures that plants and animals have that contribute to their ability to make or find food and reproduce.
3.1.6.A6. Identify examples of unicellular and multicellular organisms.
3.1.6.A8. (SCALE) Explain why the details of most cells are visible only through a microscope.
3.1.C. Evolution
3.1.6.C1. Differentiate between instinctive and learned animal behaviors that relate to survival.

3.2. Physical Sciences: Chemistry and Physics

3.2.A. Chemistry
3.2.6.A1a. Distinguish the differences in properties of solids, liquids, and gases.
3.2.6.A1b. Differentiate between volume and mass. Investigate that equal volumes of different substances usually have different masses.
3.2.6.A4. Differentiate between physical changes and chemical changes.
3.2.B. Physics
3.2.6.B1. Explain how changes in motion require a force.
3.2.6.B2a. Describe energy as a property of objects associated with heat, light, electricity, magnetism, mechanical motion, and sound.
3.2.6.B2b. Differentiate between potential and kinetic energy.
3.2.6.B3a. Give examples of how heat moves in predictable ways, normally flowing from warmer objects to cooler ones until they reach the same temperature.
3.2.6.B4a. Describe how electric current produces magnetic forces and how moving magnets produce electric current.
3.2.6.B4b. Derive Ohm's Law through investigation of voltage, current, and resistance.
3.2.6.B6a. (ENERGY) Demonstrate that heat moves in predictable ways from warmer objects to cooler ones.
3.2.6.B6b. (SCALE) Investigate that materials may be composed of parts too small to be seen without magnification.

3.3. Earth and Space Sciences

3.3.A. Earth Structure, Processes and Cycles
3.3.6.A1. Recognize and interpret various mapping representations of Earth's common features.
3.3.6.A2. Examine how soil fertility, composition, resistance to erosion, and texture are affected by many factors.
3.3.6.A4. Describe how water on earth cycles in different forms and in different locations, including underground and in the atmosphere.
3.3.6.A5a. Describe the composition and layers of the atmosphere.
3.3.6.A5b. Explain the effects of oceans on climate.
3.3.6.A5c. Describe how global patterns such as the jet stream and water currents influence local weather in measurable terms such as temperature, wind direction and speed, and precipitation.
3.3.6.A6a. (MODELS/SCALES) Describe the scales involved in characterizing Earth and its atmosphere.
3.3.6.A6b. (MODELS/SCALES) Create models of Earth's common physical features.
3.3.B. Origin and Evolution of the Universe
3.3.6.B1a. Compare and contrast the size, composition, and surface features of the planets that comprise the solar system as well as the objects orbiting them.
3.3.6.B1b. Recognize the role of gravity as a force that pulls all things on or near the earth toward the center of the earth and in the formation of the solar system and the motions of objects in the solar system.
3.3.6.B1c. Explain why the planets orbit the sun in nearly circular paths.
3.3.6.B1e. Explain how the tilt of the earth and its revolution around the sun cause an uneven heating of the earth which in turn causes the seasons and weather patterns.
3.3.6.B2a. (MODELS) Use models to demonstrate that earth has different seasons and weather patterns.
3.3.6.B2b. (MODELS) Use models to demonstrate that the phases of the moon are a result of its orbit around Earth.

3.4. Technology and Engineering Education

3.4.A. The Scope of Technology
3.4.6.A1. Identify how creative thinking and economic and cultural influences shape technological development.
3.4.B. Technology and Society
3.4.6.B4. Demonstrate how new technologies are developed based on people's needs, wants, values, and/or interests.
3.4.E. The Designed World
3.4.6.E1. Describe how advances and innovations in medical technologies are used to improve health care.
3.4.6.E3. Investigate that power is the rate at which energy is converted from one form to another or transferred from one place to another.
3.4.6.E4. Illustrate how communication systems are made up of a source, encoder, transmitter, receiver, decoder, and destination. Examine how communications information technologies are used to help humans make decisions and solve problems.

PA.4. Environment and Ecology

4.1. Ecology

4.1.6.D. Identify reasons why organisms become threatened, endangered, and extinct.

4.2. Watersheds and Wetlands

4.2.6.A. Identify the five major watersheds of Pennsylvania.
4.2.6.B. Describe the characteristics of soils found in a wetland.
4.2.6.C. Identify natural and human-made factors that affect water quality.

4.5. Humans and the Environment

4.5.6.A. Examine how historical events have shaped the sustainable use of natural resources.
4.5.6.D. Explain the costs and benefits of recycling in controlling resource use.

PA.SI. Science as Inquiry

SI.3. Design and conduct a scientific investigation and understand that current scientific knowledge guides scientific investigations.

SI.4. Describe relationships using inference and prediction.

SI.5. Use appropriate tools and technologies to gather, analyze, and interpret data and understand that it enhances accuracy and allows scientists to analyze and quantify results of investigations.

SI.6. Develop descriptions, explanations, and models using evidence and understand that these emphasize evidence, have logically consistent arguments, and are based on scientific principles, models, and theories.

SI.7. Analyze alternative explanations and understanding that science advances through legitimate skepticism.

SI.8. Use mathematics in all aspects of scientific inquiry.

SI.9. Understand that scientific investigations may result in new ideas for study, new methods, or procedures for an investigation or new technologies to improve data collection.

NewPath Learning resources are fully aligned to US Education Standards. Select a standard below to view correlations to your selected resource:

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