MA.CC.RST.6-8. Reading Standards for Literacy in Science and Technical Subjects
Craft and Structure
RST.6-8.4. Determine the meaning of symbols, key terms, and other domain-specific words and phrases as they are used in a specific scientific or technical context relevant to grades 6-8 texts and topics.
MA.LS. LIFE SCIENCE
Changes in Ecosystems Over Time
LS.17. Identify ways in which ecosystems have changed throughout geologic time in response to physical conditions, interactions among organisms, and the actions of humans. Describe how changes may be catastrophes such as volcanic eruptions or ice storms.
LS.18. Recognize that biological evolution accounts for the diversity of species developed through gradual processes over many generations.
Classification of Organisms
LS.1. Classify organisms into the currently recognized kingdoms according to characteristics that they share. Be familiar with organisms from each kingdom.
Energy and Living Things
LS.14. Explain the roles and relationships among producers, consumers, and decomposers in the process of energy transfer in a food web.
LS.16. Recognize that producers (plants that contain chlorophyll) use the energy from sunlight to make sugars from carbon dioxide and water through a process called photosynthesis. This food can be used immediately, stored for later use, or used by other organisms.
Evolution and Biodiversity
LS.11. Recognize that evidence drawn from geology, fossils, and comparative anatomy provide the basis of the theory of evolution.
Structure and Function of Cells
LS.2. Recognize that all organisms are composed of cells, and that many organisms are single-celled (unicellular), e.g., bacteria, yeast. In these single-celled organisms, one cell must carry out all of the basic functions of life.
LS.3. Compare and contrast plant and animal cells, including major organelles (cell membrane, cell wall, nucleus, cytoplasm, chloroplasts, mitochondria, vacuoles).
LS.4. Recognize that within cells, many of the basic functions of organisms (e.g., extracting energy from food and getting rid of waste) are carried out. The way in which cells function is similar in all living organisms.
MA.SIS. SKILLS OF INQUIRY, EXPERIMENTATION, AND DESIGN
SIS6. Communicate procedures and results using appropriate science and technology terminology.