New York Standards
NY.P4. The Physical Setting: Students will understand and apply scientific concepts, principles, and theories pertaining to the physical setting and living environment and recognize the historical development of ideas in science.
P4.3: Matter is made up of particles whose properties determine the observable characteristics of matter and its reactivity.
4.3.3. Develop mental models to explain common chemical reactions and changes in states of matter.
P4.4: Energy exists in many forms, and when these forms change energy is conserved.
4.4.4. Observe and describe the properties of sound, light, magnetism, and electricity.