KY.CC. Core Content for Assessment v.4.1
SC-07-2.3. The Earth and the Universe: The Earth system is in a constant state of change. These changes affect life on earth in many ways. At the middle level, students investigate how these changes occur.
SC-07-2.3.1. Earth/Space Science: Students will make inferences and predictions related to changes in the Earth's surface or atmosphere based on data/evidence.
KY.PS. Program of Studies 2006
SC-7-ET. Big Idea: Energy Transformations (Unifying Concepts) - Energy transformations are inherent in almost every system in the universe - from tangible examples at the elementary level, such as heat production in simple Earth and physical systems to more abstract ideas beginning at middle school, such as those transformations involved in the growth, dying and decay of living systems. The use of models to illustrate the often invisible and abstract notions of energy transfer will aid in conceptualization, especially as students move from the macroscopic level of observation and evidence (primarily elementary school) to the microscopic interactions at the atomic level (middle and high school levels). (Academic Expectations 2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 2.4)
SC-7-ET-S-1. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will investigate a variety of Earth systems that are powered by solar (e.g. water cycle, climate, carbon cycle) and/or geothermal (e.g. plate tectonics, volcanism) energy