Arizona Standards. The theory of plate tectonics describes the movement of the plates of the lithosphere relative to each other. This movement creates forces that push and pull on the crust. Crustal rock can absorb and store energy, but only so much. There is a point at which the stress is more than the rock can hold and the rock breaks. When the rock breaks, the stored energy is released and this energy travels through the Earth. This sudden release of energy created when rocks break is called an earthquake
The resources above correspond to the standards listed below:
AZ.SC07-S6. Earth and Space Science
SC07-S6C2. Earth's Processes and Systems: Understand the processes acting on the Earth and their interaction with the Earth systems.
SC07-S6C2-05. Relate plate boundary movements to their resulting landforms, including: Mountains; faults; rift valleys; trenches; volcanoes.
SC07-S6C2-06. Describe how earthquakes are measured.
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