Connecticut Standards. The theory of plate tectonics describes the movement of the plates of the lithosphere relative to each other. This movement creates forces that push and pull on the crust. Crustal rock can absorb and store energy, but only so much. There is a point at which the stress is more than the rock can hold and the rock breaks. When the rock breaks, the stored energy is released and this energy travels through the Earth. This sudden release of energy created when rocks break is called an earthquake
The resources above correspond to the standards listed below:
CT.7.3. Energy in the Earth's Systems: Landforms are the result of the interaction of constructive and destructive forces over time. a) Volcanic activity and the folding and faulting of rock layers during the shifting of the Earth's crust affect the formation of mountains, ridges and valleys. b) Glaciation, weathering and erosion change the Earth's surface by moving earth materials from place to place.
7.3.3. Demonstrate the processes of folding and faulting of the Earth's crust.
7.3.6. Analyze and interpret data about the location, frequency and intensity of earthquakes.
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