WA.4. Physical Science
PS2. Matter: Properties and Change
6-8.PS2. Atoms and Molecules: In prior grades students learned the scientific meaning of the word matter, and about changes of state. In grades 6-8 students learn the basic concepts behind the atomic nature of matter. This includes the idea that elements are composed of a single kind of atom. Atoms chemically combine with each other or with atoms of other elements to form compounds. When substances are combined in physical mixtures, their chemical properties do not change; but when they combine chemically, the new product has different physical and chemical properties from any of the reacting substances. When substances interact in a closed system, the amount of mass does not change. Atomic theory also explains the ways that solids, liquids, and gases behave. These concepts about the nature of matter are fundamental to all sciences and technologies.
6-8.PS2C. Students know that all matter is made of atoms. Matter made of only one type of atom is called an element.
6-8.PS2C.1. Students are expected to explain that all matter is made of atoms, and give examples of common elements-substances composed of just one kind of atom.
6-8.PS2D. Students know that compounds are composed of two or more kinds of atoms, which are bound together in well-defined molecules or crystals.
6-8.PS2D.1. Students are expected to demonstrate with a labeled diagram and explain the relationship among atoms, molecules, elements, and compounds.