New Hampshire Standards
NH.CC.RST.6-8. Reading Standards for Literacy in Science and Technical Subjects
Craft and Structure
RST.6-8.4. Determine the meaning of symbols, key terms, and other domain-specific words and phrases as they are used in a specific scientific or technical context relevant to grades 6-8 texts and topics.
NH.ESS4. Earth Space Science: The growth of scientific knowledge in Earth Space Science has been advanced through the development of technology and is used (alone or in combination with other sciences) to identify, understand and solve local and global issues.
S:ESS4:8:3.1. Local and Global Environmental Issues: Students will provide examples of how creative thinking and economic need has shaped the way people use natural materials, such as the use of metal ores, petroleum, and fresh water.
NH.PS2. Physical Science: Energy is necessary for change to occur in matter. Energy can be stored, transferred and transformed, but cannot be destroyed.
S:PS2:8:1.5. Change: Given a real-world example, students will show that within a system, energy transforms from one form to another (i.e., chemical, heat, electrical, gravitational, light, sound, mechanical).
S:PS2:8:2.1. Conservation: Students will explain the law of conservation of energy.
S:PS2:8:3.1. Energy: Students will differentiate between kinetic energy, which is the energy of motion and potential energy, which depends on relative position.
S:PS2:8:3.6. Energy: Students will use data to draw conclusions about how heat can be transferred (convection, conduction, radiation).
NH.PS4. Physical Science: The growth of scientific knowledge in Physical Science has been advanced through the development of technology and is used (alone or in combination with other sciences) to identify, understand and solve local and global issues.
S:PS4:8:2.1. Tools: Students will demonstrate appropriate use of tools, such as rulers, calculators, balances, and graduated cylinders to measure and calculate volume and mass.
S:PS4:8:3.2. Social Issues (Local and Global): Energy, Power, and Transportation Manufacturing: Students will describe how natural resources, such as coal, oil and natural gas are tapped for use in power plants, and how alternative sources, such as solar, wind, water, nuclear are tapped for power; and compare the advantages and disadvantages of each source.
NH.SPS2. Science Process Skills: Unifying Concepts of Science
S:SPS2:8:2.4. Systems and Energy: Students will apply skills from previous grades and explain that when energy is transformed or converted from one type to another, there is no net loss of energy.
S:SPS2:8:4.3. Patterns of Change: Students will apply skills from previous grades and realize that symbolic equations can be used to summarize how the quantity of something changes over time or in response to other changes.