WA.1. Systems (SYS)
6-8.SYS. Inputs, Outputs, Boundaries, and Flows: In prior grades students learned about the functioning of simple systems, including inputs and outputs. In grades 6-8 students learn how to use systems thinking to simplify and analyze complex situations. Systems concepts that students learn to apply at this level include choosing system boundaries, determining if a system is open or closed, measuring the flow of matter and energy through a system, and applying systems thinking to a complex societal issue that involves science and technology. These insights and abilities can help students see the connections between and among the domains of science and among science, technology, and society.
6-8.SYSA. Students know that any system may be thought of as containing subsystems and as being a subsystem of a larger system.
6-8.SYSA.1. Students are expected, to given a system, identify subsystems and a larger encompassing system (e.g., the heart is a system made up of tissues and cells, and is part of the larger circulatory system).
WA.4. Life Science
6-8.LS2. Flow of Energy Through Ecosystems: In prior grades students learned how ecosystems change and how these changes affect the capacity of an ecosystem to support populations. In grades 6-8 students learn to apply key concepts about ecosystems to understand the interactions among organisms and the nonliving environment. Essential concepts include the process of photosynthesis used by plants to transform the energy of sunlight into food energy, which is used by other organisms, and possible causes of environmental change. Students also learn to investigate environmental issues and to use science to evaluate different solutions to problems. Knowledge of how energy flows through ecosystems is a critical aspect of students' understanding of how energy sustains life on the planet, including human life.
6-8.LS2C. Students know that the major source of energy for ecosystems on Earth's surface is sunlight. Producers transform the energy of sunlight into the chemical energy of food through photosynthesis. This food energy is used by plants, and all other organisms to carry on life processes. Nearly all organisms on the surface of Earth depend on this energy source.
6-8.LS2C.1. Students are expected to explain how energy from the Sun is transformed through photosynthesis to produce chemical energy in food.