New Jersey Standards
NJ.5.1.8. Science Practices: Science is both a body of knowledge and an evidence-based, model-building enterprise that continually extends, refines, and revises knowledge. The four Science Practices strands encompass the knowledge and reasoning skills that students must acquire to be proficient in science.
5.1.8.A. Understand Scientific Explanations: Students understand core concepts and principles of science and use measurement and observation tools to assist in categorizing, representing, and interpreting the natural and designed world.
Core scientific concepts and principles represent the conceptual basis for model-building and facilitate the generation of new and productive questions.
5.1.8.A.1. Demonstrate understanding and use interrelationships among central scientific concepts to revise explanations and to consider alternative explanations.
5.1.8.B. Generate Scientific Evidence Through Active Investigations: Students master the conceptual, mathematical, physical, and computational tools that need to be applied when constructing and evaluating claims.
Evidence is generated and evaluated as part of building and refining models and explanations.
5.1.8.B.1. Design investigations and use scientific instrumentation to collect, analyze, and evaluate evidence as part of building and revising models and explanations.
5.1.8.C. Reflect on Scientific Knowledge: Scientific knowledge builds on itself over time.
Scientific models and understandings of fundamental concepts and principles are refined as new evidence is considered.
5.1.8.C.1. Monitor one's own thinking as understandings of scientific concepts are refined.
NJ.5.2.8. Physical Science: Physical science principles, including fundamental ideas about matter, energy, and motion, are powerful conceptual tools for making sense of phenomena in physical, living, and Earth systems science.
5.2.8.B. Changes in Matter: Substances can undergo physical or chemical changes to form new substances. Each change involves energy.
Chemical changes can occur when two substances, elements, or compounds react and produce one or more different substances. The physical and chemical properties of the products are different from those of the reacting substances.
5.2.8.B.2. Compare and contrast the physical properties of reactants with products after a chemical reaction, such as those that occur during photosynthesis and cellular respiration.
NJ.5.3.8. Life Science: Life science principles are powerful conceptual tools for making sense of the complexity, diversity, and interconnectedness of life on Earth. Order in natural systems arises in accordance with rules that govern the physical world, and the order of natural systems can be modeled and predicted through the use of mathematics.
5.3.8.B. Matter and Energy Transformations: Food is required for energy and building cellular materials. Organisms in an ecosystem have different ways of obtaining food, and some organisms obtain their food directly from other organisms.
All animals, including humans, are consumers that meet their energy needs by eating other organisms or their products.
5.3.8.B.2. Analyze the components of a consumer's diet and trace them back to plants and plant products.
NJ.CC.6-8.WHST. Writing Standards for Literacy in Science and Technical Subjects
Text Types and Purposes
6-8.WHST.2. Write informative/explanatory texts, including the narration of historical events, scientific procedures/ experiments, or technical processes.
6-8.WHST.2.d. Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic.