New Jersey Standards
NJ.5.1.8. Science Practices: Science is both a body of knowledge and an evidence-based, model-building enterprise that continually extends, refines, and revises knowledge. The four Science Practices strands encompass the knowledge and reasoning skills that students must acquire to be proficient in science.
5.1.8.A. Understand Scientific Explanations: Students understand core concepts and principles of science and use measurement and observation tools to assist in categorizing, representing, and interpreting the natural and designed world.
Core scientific concepts and principles represent the conceptual basis for model-building and facilitate the generation of new and productive questions.
5.1.8.A.1. Demonstrate understanding and use interrelationships among central scientific concepts to revise explanations and to consider alternative explanations.
5.1.8.B. Generate Scientific Evidence Through Active Investigations: Students master the conceptual, mathematical, physical, and computational tools that need to be applied when constructing and evaluating claims.
Evidence is generated and evaluated as part of building and refining models and explanations.
5.1.8.B.1. Design investigations and use scientific instrumentation to collect, analyze, and evaluate evidence as part of building and revising models and explanations.
Scientific reasoning is used to support scientific conclusions.
5.1.8.B.4. Use quality controls to examine data sets and to examine evidence as a means of generating and reviewing explanations.
5.1.8.C. Reflect on Scientific Knowledge: Scientific knowledge builds on itself over time.
Predictions and explanations are revised to account more completely for available evidence.
5.1.8.C.2. Revise predictions or explanations on the basis of discovering new evidence, learning new information, or using models.
Scientific models and understandings of fundamental concepts and principles are refined as new evidence is considered.
5.1.8.C.1. Monitor one's own thinking as understandings of scientific concepts are refined.
NJ.5.4.8. Earth Systems Science: Earth operates as a set of complex, dynamic, and interconnected systems, and is a part of the all-encompassing system of the universe.
5.4.8.C. Properties of Earth Materials: Earth's composition is unique, is related to the origin of our solar system, and provides us with the raw resources needed to sustain life.
Physical and chemical changes take place in Earth materials when Earth features are modified through weathering and erosion.
5.4.8.C.2. Explain how chemical and physical mechanisms (changes) are responsible for creating a variety of landforms.
5.4.8.D. Tectonics: The theory of plate tectonics provides a framework for understanding the dynamic processes within and on Earth.
Major geological events, such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and mountain building, result from the motion of plates. Sea floor spreading, revealed in mapping of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, and subduction zones are evidence for the theory of plate tectonics.
5.4.8.D.2. Present evidence to support arguments for the theory of plate motion.
NJ.CC.6-8.RST. Reading Standards for Literacy in Science and Technical Subjects
Integration of Knowledge and Ideas
6-8.RST.7. Integrate quantitative or technical information expressed in words in a text with a version of that information expressed visually (e.g., in a flowchart, diagram, model, graph, or table).
NJ.CC.6-8.WHST. Writing Standards for Literacy in Science and Technical Subjects
Text Types and Purposes
6-8.WHST.2. Write informative/explanatory texts, including the narration of historical events, scientific procedures/ experiments, or technical processes.
6-8.WHST.2.d. Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic.