KY.PS. Program of Studies 2006
SC-8-UD. Big Idea: Unity and Diversity (Biological Science) - All matter is comprised of the same basic elements, goes through the same kinds of energy transformations, and uses the same kinds of forces to move. Living organisms are no exception. In middle school, students begin to compare, contrast, and classify the microscopic features of organisms - the cells, as well as investigate reproduction as the essential process to the continuation of all species. Expected patterns of genetic traits are predicted. Distinctions are made between learned behaviors and inherited traits. Emphasis at every level should be placed upon the understanding that while every living thing is composed of similar small constituents that combine in predictable ways, it is the subtle variations within these small building blocks that account for both the likenesses and differences in form and function that create the diversity of life. (Academic Expectations 2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 2.4)
SC-8-UD-S-4. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will describe the role of genes/chromosomes in the passing of information from one generation to another (heredity)
SC-8-UD-S-6. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will collect and analyze information to answer questions about factors influencing heredity and learned behaviors and explain how scientific knowledge has been modified as new information is revealed
SC-8-UD-U-2. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that complex organisms can exist because their genes contain the information needed to create and reproduce cells with specialized functions.