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The nervous system Eighth Grade Science
The endocrine system and Reproduction Eighth Grade Science
Ecosystems, food chains and food webs Seventh Grade Science
Photosynthesis and Respiration Seventh Grade Science
Rocks Eighth Grade Science
Circulation and immunity Eighth Grade Science

Pennsylvania Standards for Eighth Grade Science

PA.3. Science and Technology and Engineering Education

3.1. Biological Sciences

3.1.A. Organisms and Cells
3.1.8.A8. (CHANGE AND CONSTANCY) Explain mechanisms organisms use to adapt to their environment.
3.1.8.A9. See Science as Inquiry in the Introduction for grade level indicators.
3.1.B. Genetics
3.1.8.B6. See Science as Inquiry in the Introduction for grade level indicators.
3.1.C. Evolution
3.1.8.C1. Explain how reproductive success coupled with advantageous traits over many generations contributes to natural selection.
3.1.8.C4. See Science as Inquiry in the Introduction for grade level indicators.

3.2. Physical Sciences: Chemistry and Physics

3.2.A. Chemistry
3.2.8.A1. Differentiate between mass and weight.
3.2.8.A2. Identify characteristics of elements derived from the periodic table.
3.2.8.A3. Explain how changes in matter are accompanied by changes in energy.
3.2.8.A4. Compare and contrast physical and chemical changes in terms of products.
3.2.8.A6. See Science as Inquiry in the Introduction for grade level indicators.
3.2.B. Physics
3.2.8.B1a. Explain how inertia is a measure of an object's mass.
3.2.8.B1b. Explain how momentum is related to the forces acting on an object.
3.2.8.B2. Identify situations where kinetic energy is transformed into potential energy, and vice versa.
3.2.8.B3. Explain how changes in temperature are accompanied by changes in kinetic energy.
3.2.8.B4. Compare and contrast atomic properties of conductors and insulators.
3.2.8.B6. (PATTERNS) Explain how physics principles underlie everyday phenomena and important technologies.
3.2.8.B7. See Science as Inquiry in the Introduction for grade level indicators.

3.3. Earth and Space Sciences

3.3.A. Earth Structure, Processes and Cycles
3.3.8.A1a. Distinguish between physical and chemical weathering.
3.3.8.A1b. Compare and contrast the types of energy that drive Earth's systems.
3.3.8.A2. Describe renewable and nonrenewable energy resources.
3.3.8.A4. Explain how the oceans form one interconnected circulation system powered by wind, tides, the Earth's rotation, and water density differences.
3.3.8.A5a. Explain how the curvature of the earth contributes to climate.
3.3.8.A5b. Compare and contrast water vapor, clouds, and humidity.
3.3.8.A6a. (CHANGES) Explain changes in earth systems in terms of energy transformation and transport.
3.3.8.A7. See Science as Inquiry in the Introduction for grade level indicators.
3.3.B. Origin and Evolution of the Universe
3.3.8.B1. Explain how light, measured remotely, can be used to classify objects in the universe.
3.3.8.B2. (SCALE AND MEASUREMENT) Explain measurements and evidence indicating the age of the universe.
3.3.8.B3. See Science as Inquiry in the Introduction for grade level indicators.

3.4. Technology and Engineering Education

3.4.A. The Scope of Technology
3.4.8.A3. Compare how a product, system, or environment developed for one setting may be applied to another setting.
3.4.B. Technology and Society
3.4.8.B2. Compare and contrast decisions to develop and use technologies as related to environmental and economic concerns.
3.4.E. The Designed World
3.4.8.E1. Analyze what technologies are used in genetic engineering and predict how it may change the future of medicine.
3.4.8.E3. Examine power systems are used to drive and provide propulsion to other technological products or systems.

PA.4. Environment and Ecology

4.1. Ecology

4.1.8.F. See Science as Inquiry in the Introduction for grade level indicators.

4.2. Watersheds and Wetlands

4.2.8.A. Describe factors that affect the quality of ground and surface waters.
4.2.8.D. See Science as Inquiry in the Introduction for grade level indicators.

4.3. Natural Resources

4.3.8.A. Compare and contrast alternative sources of energy.
4.3.8.C. See Science as Inquiry in the Introduction for grade level indicators

4.4. Agriculture and Society

4.4.8.E. See Science as Inquiry in the Introduction for grade level indicators

4.5. Humans and the Environment

4.5.8.C. Describe how humans can reduce pollution.
4.5.8.F. See Science as Inquiry in the Introduction for grade level indicators.

PA.SI. Science as Inquiry

SI.2. Know that both direct and indirect observations are used by scientists to study the natural world and universe.

SI.4. Formulate and revise explanations and models using logic and evidence.

SI.5. Recognize and analyze alternative explanations and models.

NewPath Learning resources are fully aligned to US Education Standards. Select a standard below to view correlations to your selected resource:

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